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Official Organ of the Communist Party of America, 

SECTION OK THE THIRD COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL 



Vol. ". 



m 1«. 



JANUARY 5th, 1921, 



PRICE 8 CENTS 



Statutes of the Third Communist International 



ADOPTED BY THE SECOND CONGRESS 
July 17th- August 7th, 1920. 



In JyoHon in 1 b64 was established the 
first International Association of Workers, lat- 
terly known as the 1st International. The sta- 
tute of the International Association of Work- 
rr8 quavs a* followH: 

That the emancipation of die working clans 
Is to be attained by the working rinse itself. 

That the struggle for the emancipation of 

• he working class docs not mean a struggle for 
class privileges and monopolies but a struggle 
ioT equal rights and equal obligations, for the 
abolition of every kind of class-domination. 

That the economic subjection of the worker 
under the monopolists of the means of pro- 
duction, I.e.. of the sources of life 1b the cause 
of servitude In all Its forms, the cause of all 
social misery, all mental degradation and poli- 
tical dependence. 

That the economic-emancipation of the 
working class is therefore the great aim which 
every political movement must be subordinate 
to. 

That all endeavors for this great aim have 
failed as yet because of the lack of ^solidarity 
between the various branches of industry In 
all countries, because of the abseuee of the 
farternal tie of unity between the working 
classes of the different countries. 

That the emancipation is neither a local 
nor a national problem but a problem of a so- 
da! character embracing every civilized count- 
ry, and the Folutton of which depends on the 
theoretical and practical co-operation of the 
most progressive countries. 

That the actual simultaneous revival of 
the workers' movement in the Industrial coun- 
tries of Europe on the one hand awakens new 
hope whilst on the other hand it la a solemn 
warning of Ihe danger of relapse into the old 
errors and an appeal for an immediate union 
of the hitherto disconnected movement. 

The Second International which was estab- 
lished in 1FM1 at Perls had undertaken to con- 
tinue the work of the First International. Tn 
191 4 at the outbreak of the world slaucbter It 
suffered & complete failure Undermined by 
opportunism and dnmnpM by the treason of 
its 1'fider* who had taken the side of the bour- 
geoisie— the Second International perished. 

The Third Communist International which 
■fan established in March 1919 in the capital 
of the Russian Rociallpt Federative Soviet Re- 
p'lhlfr, in the c'ty of Moscow, solemnly pro- 
claims before the entire world that it takes 
upon itself to continue and to complete the 
great cause begun by the First International 
Workers' Association, 

The Third Communist International had 
been formed at a moment when the imperialist 
slaughter of 19I4-1U18- in which the Imperialist 
bourgeoisie or the various countries had sa- 
crificed twenty million men, came to an end. 

Keep in mind the Imperialist war! This 
the firm app 'ill of the Communist International 
lo every toller wherever he may live and what- 
ev ^r language ho may speak. Keep In mind 
that owing to the existence of the capitalist 
8>'ntem a small group of Imperialists had the 
opportunity during four long years to compel 
^e worker* of various countries to cut each 
other's throats. Keep in mind that the bour- 
geois war has cast Europe and the entire world 
hto a stale of extreme destitution and starva- 
tion. Keep i n mind that unless the capitalist 
BJ'fltem 1b overthrown the repetition of such 
criminal war Is not only possible but inevitable. 

The Communist International makes it its 
"in to put up an armed struggle for the over- 
crow of the International bourgeoisie nnd the 
woation of an International Soviet Republic aa 

* transition stage to tho complete abolition of 
l Vf State. The Communist International con- 
■" 1 °r» the dictatorship of Ihe proletariat as the 
JjjHy means for the liberation of humanity from 

j 16 horrors or capitrllsm The Communist In- 
"'rnational conMderB the Soviet form of govern- 
V"' r 't as the historically evolved form of this 
ait 'Utorih!p of the proletariat. 

. The Imperii liBt war Is responsible for the 

l(>, « union of rate* of Ihe workora of one 
"'""try with tho fates or the workers of all 

j' ,op countries The Imperialist wsr empha- 
*Hi on rf nmr ^ what is emphasized in th« 
•'tnte. Qf , h „ Flm international; that the 
h "J* 7 " IPKtlon of labor la neither a local, nor a 
ii,, , al ***. *>"t one of a social and interna- 
l,0r '*l character. 

th* . * (,r >nni)nnlst once forevor bnsaks with 
w * t^dltiona of tho Kecond International which 



in reality only recognized the white race. The 
Communist International mnkvs it its task to 
emancipate the worker* of the entire world. 
The ranks of the Communist International fra- 
ternally unite men of all colors: while, yellow 
and black — tbo toilers of the entire world. 

The Communist International fully and un- 
reservedly upholds the gains of the great pro- 
letarian revolution in Russia, the first victori- 
ous socialist revolution in the world's history, 
and calls upon all the workers to follow the 
same road. The Communrst International makes 
It Its duty to support by all the power at Its 
dlEpofial every Soviet Republic wherever it 
rrmy be formed. 

The Communist International is aware that 
for the purpose of a speedy achievement of 
vkrtory the International Association of workers 
which is strupgling for thu abolition of capi- 
talism and the establishment of Communism 
should possess a firm and centralized organ- 
ization. To all Intents and purposes the Com- 
munist International should represent a fingle 
universal Communist Party.- of which the par- 
ties oTK-ratlng In every country form individual 
sections. The organized apparatus of the Com- 
munist International la to seen re to the tollers 
of every country the possibility at any given 
moment to obtain the maximum of aM from 
the organized workers of the other cou -'tries. 

For this purpose the Communist Interna- 
tional ronflrms tho following items of its 
statute: 

Par. 1. The ne v International Association of 
workers is epfibllshed for the purpose of or- 
gapizing common activity of the workers or 
various countries who are striving towards a 
single aim: the overthrew of capitalism, the 
establishment of the dictatorship of the pro- 
letariat and or the International Soviet Re- 
public the complete abolition of classes and 

the realization of socialism this first step lo 

Commenist Society. 

Par. 2. The new- International Association of 
workers has l^oen given the nann of THE 
COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL. 
Par 3. All the parties and organizations com- 
prising the Communist International bear the 
name of the Communist Party of the given 
country, (section of the Communist Interna- 
tional). 

Par. 4. The World Congress of all partloe and 
organizations which form part of the Commun- 
ist International If the supreme organ of 

this International The World Congrebs as a 
rule convenes not less than once a 
year. The World Confess confirms tie pro- 
grammes of the various parties comprising 
the Communist International. The World Con- 
gress discuses and decides the more Import- 
ant questions of programme aud tactics, which 
are connected with the activity of the Com- 
munist International. The number of decisive 
votes at the World Congrets for every' party 
and organization is decided upon by a. special 
regulation of the Congress; It is found neces- 
sary to strive for a Bpeedy establishment of a 
standard of representation on the basis of the 
actual number of the members of the organ- 
ization aud the n.-al influence of the party in 
question. 

Par 5, The World Congress elects an Exe- 
cutive ' Committee, of the Communist Interna- 
tional which serves as the leading organ of 
the Communist International in tho Intervals 
between the convention of World ConKresaee 
and Is responsible only to the World Cougress. 
Par, C. The residence of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Communist International is de- 
rided each time at the World CocKress of the 
Communist International. 

Par. 7. A special World Cnmrress of the Com- 
munist Intcrnntlcnal may bo convened either 
hy regulation of the Executive Commlttae, or 
nt the demand of on'; half of the number of 
parties which were part of the Communist In- 
ternational at the Dnst World Congress, 
Par 8 Tli*» chief bulk of the work and most 
roHpoiislbllity in the Executive Committee of 
the CotnmunlHt fnternntlfiiml laya with the 
p-irty <-f 'bat country where, in keeping with 
the regulation of t'.e World Congress, the Ex- 
ecutive Committee finds Its re«idenee for the 
tf r ,f. ln'ln*. Tli" naily of the country In ques- 
Unti peurts to the Executive. Committee not less 
thnn fh<» im-mb-is nfth a decisive vnt'\ In ad- 
mttnn "' th1». """ repr. sensitive with n de- 
ceive vote Is Kent lo the Communis Interna- 
tional from ten or twelve or tht» largest of the 
of the cominnnlat purl lea, Tho Hat of these 



representatives Is to be confirmed by the Un- 
iversal Congress of the Communist Interna- 
tonal. The remaining parties "and organisa- 
tions forming part of the Communist Interna- 
tional enjoy the right of sending to the Ex** 
cutlve Committee one representative each 
with a consulative vote. 

Par. 9. The Executive Committee la the eas- 
ing organ of the Communlat International dur- 
ing the conventions; the Executive Commit- 
tee publishes In no less than four langugaa 
the central organ of the Communist Interna- 
tional fthe periodical "The Communist Inter- 
national"). The Executive Committee makes 
the necessary appeals on behalf of the Commun- 
ist International, and Issues Instructions ob- 
llsralory to all the parties and organization* 
which form part of the Communlat Internation- 
al, The Executive Committee of the Communist 
International enjoys the right to demand from 
theaffillated parties the expulsion of group* 
or members who are guilty of the infringement 
of international proletarian discipline, as well 
as th*» exclusion from the Communist Interna- 
tional of such parties guilty of the rafrince- 
roent of the regulations of rhe World Ocm- 
grers. In the event of necessity the Executive 
Committee organizes hi various countries tta 
technical and auxilliary bureaus, which are 
entirely under the control of the Executive 
Committee. 

Par. 10. The Executive Committee of the Com- 
munist International enjoys the right to. in- 
clude in Its ranks representatives of organisa- 
tion* and parties not accepted in the Commun- 
ist Intemtlonal but which are sympathetic to- 
wards communism: these are to have a eon- 
aulatlve vote only. 

Par. II, The organs of all parties and orgaa- 
Irntlons forming part of the Communist Tnter- 
natlonsl as well at of those who are recognised 
s'-mpsthiTer* of the C^mmunfrt International 
are obliged to publish all offcial regulations 
of the Communist International and of Its TCx- 
ecuttve Comraittee_ 

Par. 15. The general »tate of fhincm La ths 
whole of F/urope and of America makes neces- 
sary for the rommunisti of the whole world 
nn obligatory formation of llleral communist 
orKanli'atlnns along with those exlsMne lecaTtv. 
Tbr. Executive Committee ahnll take charge 
of the universal application of thla role. 
Par. 13. All most Important political relations 
between the individual parties forming part of 
the Communist International are customarily 
carried on through the medium of the Executive. 
Committee of the Communist International, In 
caa-.-B of exigency direct relatione are estab- 
lished, with provision, however, that the Exe- 
cutive Committee of the Communlat Interna- 
tional la Informed of same at the same time. 
Par, 14. The Trade Unlona which have accepted 
the Communist platform and are united on an 
International arale under 'the control of the 
Executive Committee of the Communlat Inter* 
national, form Trade Union Section! of the 
Communist International. The Communist Trade 
Unions send their representatives to the World 
Congresses of the Communlat International 
through the medium of the Communist parties 
of their respective countries. The Trade Union 
section of the Commun. International shall de- 
legate a representative with- a decisive vote to 
the Executive Committee of the Communlat In- 
ternational. The Executive Committee of the 
Communist International enjoys the right of 
sending a representative with decisive vote* to 
the Trade Union section of the Communist In- 
ternational, 

Par. 15. Tho International League of Communlat 
Youth Is subject to the Communlat Interna- 
tional and its Executive Committee. One repre- 
sentative of the Executive Committee of the 
International League of Communist Youth with 
a decisive vote Is delegated to the Executive 
Committee of the Communist International. The 
Executive Committee of the Communlat Inter- 
national on the olher hand enjoys the rtcht of 
sending a representative with a deriaire vote 
to the Executive oruan of the tnternatlonsJ 
League of Cominunlnt Youth Organisations re- 
lations between the- I^eajrue 'of Youth and the 
Communist party are bastcully denned l» every 
country after the anme system. 
Par. 16. The Exrvutltve Committee of the Com- 
munlMt International confirms, the Interna- 
tlonal Recr.'lnry or the Communist Women's 
movement and organlr.es a wornen'a section of 
the Communist International. 
Par. 17 In th a event of a member of the Com- 
miinlst International coming to another country 
he a to have tha fratarna) aiiDDort rtf th# 

local member, of the Third Int'Sna? 



rwo 



THE OOMJTON1BT 






THE COMMUNIST 

Official orpin of 

THE COMMUNIST TARTY OF AMKI1ICA 

published by the 

CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 



trade relations (itid recognition of Soviet 
Russia, but to bind the coming Soviet Re- 
public of the United States in bonds of 
close fraternal unity with the Soviet Re- 
public of Russia- 



JANUARY 6lh, 1921. * « 



rnmrade Martens is Deported Hoard of the i. w. w as prime 

V-/OmrdUC ivionw^ r December i8th issue of "Solidarity 1 



Exit John Sandgren. 

Elsewhere in this issue will 1* found the cditorTal'wjHcics directly into the camp of 
official reports of the General Executive ,), c i>ourgeoisie. John Sandgren was merely 



tiifre can be no neutral 

POSITION IN THIS WAR OF THH 
CLASSES! , n 

Those who arc against the Communist 
International are for the capitalists and their 
henchmen. 

The G. E. B. of the I. W. W. have con- 
victed themselves of trying to maintain this 
tenable position of neutrality. It led their 



After a vcar of dilatory i... estimation on 
and off the " Secretary ofj-abor, Wilson, 
(former iahw faker who was rewarded by 
hi, capitalist masters with a soft berth) has 
ordered the deportation of Comrade L, L. 
A. K. Martens, commercial representative ot 
Soviet Russia in America. 

Immediately upon the publication of the 
order Comrade Martens notified Soviet Rus- 
ered that he return muncdiate- 



tcd in the 
regard- 
in n the vote on the recent referendum and 
also THE REMOVAL OF JOHN SAND- 
GREN AS EDITOR OF THE "ONE BIG 
UNION MONTHLY", for "attacking revo- 
lutionary organizations of this and other sheerest hypocrjey and dec eit 
countries in a manner which is contrary to 
the policy laid down by the General^ Exe- 
cutive Board at its previous scsf.icr.a".,. 

However, despite this tardy acknowledge- 
ment of the counter-revolutionary activities 



their instrument of articulate expression— 
ihcir tool in applying those policies. To dis- 
miss this fool, without at the same time 
changing their policy of "neutrality" to one 
of active and wholehearted support to the 
international Communist movement, is the 



t^^J^^^'^^^SS^ii and writings of John Sandgren ' which the 

hcVt nf de ounccment of the brutal policy "Communist" lias consistently exposed time 

. .. -„» Q^ an( ] again, this step is no indication of any 

radical change in the policies of the I. W. W 



of the American capitalist government. So, 
here this issue will be in the hands of its 
readers, Comrade Martens will be on the 
hWi sea* bound for Moscow, thankful no 
doubt to shake the dust of this "glorious 
republic" from his shoes. 

There is more than blind stupidity ip 
this cynically brutal move of the U. S. 
Government. It is an earnest of the unflinch- 
ing attitude of capitalist United States to- 
wards Soviet Russia. All the venom, all the 
hatred, all the fear which the capitalists of 
America feel towards Soviet Russia is em- 
bodied in the act of deporting Russia's un- 
recognized representative. Too far away 
from Russia to bar her directly through in- 
vasion—conscious that al! the money she 
has loaned France, Poland, Yudenitch and 
Wrangcl to overthrow the Soviet Republic 
has been spent all in vain and that she can 
never he re-imbursed— the U- S. Government 
is venting its concentrated hatred upon 
Comrade Martens and driving him from its 
shores. 



ns carried on by its G. E. P.. On the con- 
trary, this move* of expelling Sandgren seems 
to be only another attempt to string a red 
herring across the trail of the anti-revolu- 
tionary policy of the G. E. B. itself. 

It is not true, as the G. E. B. claim, that 
Sandgren acted contrary to the policy laid 



Another "Mission" Goes to 
Russia. 

One of the post- revolutionary factors 
which Russia is suffering from — with admir- 
able self-possession and self-restraint we 
should judge— is the influx of "missions" 
from this or that "Socialist" party or labor 
organization from every part of Europe. The 
wear and tear, the time wasted by Bolshevik 
leaders in performing the necessary formal- 
ities, the answering of silly questions, and the 
search for those dainty morsels which are so 



5o«; 8 bytheG.rOfl«theeSdo™ J em»l insensible to the proletarian appeUte. of 

uumi uy me \j. i_. x*. ..*««.» * . m .. „„ «m re rtn^npt" ha* trpnerallv been over- 



of his attacks in the October "One Big Union 
Monthly" upon the Communist movement in 
this country and the Communist International 
and its sections abroad, 3andgren, in the 
November and December issue simply car- 
ried out the policy of the G. E. B. to its 
logical conclusion. "Not a retrogression from 
the policy laid down by the G. E. B., but too 
much zeal in carrying it out, with all its 
full implications, is the cause of his removal 
For the report of the G. E. B. special 
meeting of October i8th. as taken from the 
"One Big Union Monthly" of December, re- 
veals the following item" 



these "missionaries", has generally been over- 
looked in condemning the Bolshcviki. Surely 
these "missions" have had something to do 
with keeping Russia in a state of chronic 
impoverishment? 

And now comes the news that another 
"mission" is to visit Soviet Russia, to add 
to Russia's troubles and the gayety of the 
nations. The Socialist Party of America is 
sending Oncal, Trachtenberg, Joseph E. 
Cohen, Algernon Lee and Mrs Vktof 
Berger to "study" Russian conditions at first 
hand. Thjs is a remarkable aggregation of 
Menshcvrks and traitors only comparable to 



So be it. Those whom the gods would ^ Q ^y^y followed by the editor of the O 



Made and Seconded. That we endorse the Labor Party mission of which the notori 



destroy they first make mad. The U. S 
Government" is certainly going mad these 
last few years and it is also certain that she 
is doomed to annihilation. Its every act has 
illustrated the teachings of the Communists — 
that it is a democratic government in name 
only but actually the most reactionary and 
murderous capitalist dictatorship in the 
world. It forces the workers into war for 
the sake of capitalist ambitions to be a 
world power; it shoots down workers when 
they go on strike; it sends the leaders of the 
working cla^s to jail; it destroys the work 
crs' organizations; it issues in" 



B. U- Monthly in the October issue, and at 
the same time we recommend that all the 
editors in the future adhere to the policies 
laid down by the G. E. B., I. W.^ W-. to 
the greatest possible extent. Carried." 

This proves that it was Sandgren who 
was consistent and the G. E. B. who are in- 
consistent. 

The G. E. B. have executed a hasty re- 
treat, not because of a change of heart, or 
a new orientation towards the Communist 
International, but simply because of ^ a 
cowardly attempt to cover up their own in- 



ous Mrs. Snowden was a member. 

The visit of this "Socialist" mission will 
be a fitting anti-climax to the Wrangel 
campaign; and we can only express our re- 
gret that Morris Hillquit, Meyer London 
and Mrs- Berger's husband are not to go 
along for the "reception" this mission will 
receive will be instructive and interesting if 
not wholly to their liking. 

We suggest that they buy a wreath to 
place upon the grave of John Reed before 
departing, as a token of their esteem and 
admiration of the American Communist who 



The "One Big Union" of 
Schlesinger and Hillman. 

Coincident with the lockout of the Amal- 



issucs injunctions h C r e nYlv opportunistic and counter-revolution- K-ive his life for the world revolution. Be- 
against the workers and ties up their funds; ary policies. They merely wish to ward off «des t it might serve as a gentle reminder. 
it deports and jails radical workers; it anv n ] amc or criticism for their share — and 
drives political parlies underground ; it. in- u le j rs j s the major share — in the November 
stigates and backs up with all the might of and December issues of the O. B. U. Monthly 
its police and armed power every assault j^jg vicarious expiation for their sins of 

U|>on the rights and lives of the working commission and omission .will not fool any- 
class as a whole- onc vv j tn anv knowledge of the facts. The 

And at the same time it permits the 
greatest era of profiteering and graft in the 
history of the world. It permits the most 
merciless exploitation of the workers. It 
'hifis the tax burdens for the war upon the 
heavy backs of the workers and the ex- 
ploited. It reveals in the greatest orgy of positions and slink off somewhere to cogitate a (T^ative" action" of the Amalgamated' and 
useless spending ever known. In the face on the unkind fate of those who try to (he j nteriiat j ona i' s conventions held this 
of the gravest industrial crisis and unemploy- straddle two horses at the same time. Were this act of amalgamation a bona 

ment era this country has ever faced ; the The Communist International, and all its fc,j' e " onCt none wou id be better pleased than 

U, S. government is preparing to FEED affiliated sections in the various countries, t j lc Communists. One Big Union of the 
THE MASSES WITH LEAD when they arc tJ , c omy rca n y revolutionary proletarian K ce dle trades is a consummation devoutly 
cry for bred. movements capable of leading and guiding to oc w ; sne d. The rank and file of the needle 

So it is perfectly logical for such a the proletariat and the exploited masses to the trades have been clamoring for it these 
government to deport the representative of overthrow of capitalism and the establish- many years. 

a Workers' and Peasants Governments from ment of the dictatorship of the proletariat. ^ thc ^^ union burcaucraC y has 

its "hospitable" shore*. We are not sur- They arc standing in the first-line trenches . f ng cons ; sten(ly thwarted any action in 
priced. Our only surprise is why the gov- fighting the battles of the world s workers. fWs dircction in tl]C t Even at t])c recent 

Against them are arrayed all the lorces of * m .i 

reaction, flanked by thc subservient flunkeys 
of thc Second International. Between these 






rank and file of the I W. W. know these Ratcd Clothing Workers by the clothing bossei 

facts. Thc members of the Communist move- and ihe ^ {Qr e ^ stence ^d this 

ment in America arc equally acquainted with unjon mu?t ^ comcs thfi ncwg that 

the facts. Logically there is only one thing 0ie fiye nccdle traJe unions havc created m 

left for the members of the G. E. B .of the .. Q Bj u . „ j n w mdustry . Of 

I. W. W.. and that is to RESIGN their £ u foreshadowed by the 



ernnicnt didn't do it sooner. Perhaps the 
ejection interfered with its plans, that is "511. 
We can conceive of no humanitarian reason 
for its procrastination. A capitalist govern- 
ment is as devoid of human feeling as the 
machine which grind* the workers' blood 
into profits for the master clas*... 

The Communist Party of America fends 



conventions of thc two largest individual 
unions the teeth were extracted from the 
motion before the leaders permitted it to be 



two forces battling for power there car .be d „ ^ ttmc f ' leadc „ 8U ddeny 

no neutral position. S ?^^ v rw ^'°»"y suffered a change of heart? Havc they rei X 

organi7.atums.like the I. W. W.. which pre- ^^ a ..^ Un . on „ ^ wj jj ^y 

tend to a position of neutrality, m * h,s "J™; meet the needs of the needle induslryr 

less war, are assisting the capitalists and the T))C do orRanijtation crcat ed It &* 



it< warmest greetings to' Comrade Martens social-patriots and traitors of all kinds to H(jtc , ^-^ . thc " trade un j on bureaucracy 
and to Soviet Russia with the hope that the crush the revolutionary nw vc ^l nt t>i.^i.?5!5 of the needle trades was just another swindle 



next representative from S f >virt Russia to 
thc United State* will not come to establish 



as well as (he great Russian Revolution 
itself. 



(Continued on pit* f> 









THBXS 



TfflD COMMUNIST 



The Struggle Over The League of Nations. 



u-p can **>'. without fear of sucuussful 
.« diction, ibut there Is very little interest 
c01 in the fight over the League of Nations 
|flk r n .niuu«lHt gunners. This Is but natural. Our 
Ul ,unn on the League of NationB was adopted 
P° eo U ««- 8 adopted even before the Lcaguo 
lovi a *"- was wriiteo. We did not have to see, 
L '° VC fhp ■■BocialiatB" and the Liberals, whether 
Jikt3 i!mTbu6 of Nations was baaed upon "liberal*' 
tUB inluB whether It was ■'democratic*' or 
P r * n f., a League of capitalist nations ran never 
" JU,t Uhinc nut a league of capitalist slates. 
b0 k league may be based on the moat "liber- 
6 nd '•democratic 1 ' principles -that cannot 
$I ' j Communists to the real nature of the 
bl ,« anymore than Cumuniui.sta are blinded 
^"^J'puojn.deiuocrucy of the capitalist states 

theD Sncere liberals may oppos- this particular 

of Nations. They may call lor rcbtrva- 

Le ° £ clarification, " umcndmentB, etc.. Or they 

ti0D ' decide for luo rejection of the whole coven- 

J* 18 * _^ belns undemocratic. Hut between such 

aI 'h i-al-Socialist'' and Communist opposition 

'the League there Is a wide and unbridgeable 

10 if They must never be confused. The danger 

f confusion, of course, lies far less from the 

°L of the Communists than of the liberals. 

6 ciallj', the petty-bourgeois Socialists. The 

"QoclallBt' 1 opposition to the League is of a 

rirgated kind suited to their opportunism. The 

rrttnmunlst opposition is crystal clear. The Com- 

inlst analysis mercilessly exposes the nature 

r the capitalist state. It explains 10 the workers 

JL, g combination of capiiuliBt EtaUs can ne-.er 

kL anything belter than itB conBtituent paits 

Our position requires also a criticism of 

liberal and "Socialist* 1 relations to the 

rL«rue Such criticism is at the Kime time, a 

riticlsrn of liberalism and moderate socialism 

in itB relation to imperialism. 

The election controversy has, however, fur- 
nished us a new angle of approach. Superficially 
It 'seems paradoxical that if the Leagoe is what 
Plajm for it, an organization of international 
brigands, a league of capitalist-imperialist ttates 
in furtherance of their selilnh schemes of world 
domination and exploitation, that a large section 
of the bourgeoisie in this country—and the 
largest and most clueti-oonscioub at that— should 
be opposed to the League of Nations. Nor is 
Ibis section of the bourgeoisie the anti-imperial- 
1st element. The bourgeoisie represented by the 
Republican Party have always been in the fore- 
front, leading and guiding the imperialist policy 
in the Phiilipines, Tuba, South America, etc.. 
Even now, a writer in the N. Y. Times, October 
:&— warns the .Mexicans that Lodge, Knox, 
Hughes and Fall stand for interventionin Mexico 
—that a Republican victory at the polls means 
war with Mexico and the conquest of that count- 
ry unless indeed the Mexicans are ready to 
submit gracefully to the American capitalists. 
Why then are our American imperialists opposed 
to the Imperialist League of Nations? 

It is Indubitably true that the bourgeois op- 
position in this country to the League of Nations 
is to some extent, sham, mere "politics" played 
by politicians out of employment. Yet In-hind 
this veil of bham there ia a sincere bourgcoii 
Opposition to the League of Nations convenant- 
Tfce nature of this antagonism i« most clearly 
seen when we analyse the defections from tho 
regular party ranks. Especially noteworthy are 
the Republican defections They fall under two 
heads, financiers and publicists, educatorb, etc., 

Kirst as to the publicists, educators, etc., 
the pro-league independents; they are Uie ex- 
ponents of middle class democracy. Their point 
of view 1b most aptly set forth in the words of 
the banker. Tbos. W. 1-amont, in his letter to 
Edwin F Pay, publisher of the Evening Post, 
>Ir Lam'o' b own paper. Lumont vs rites as 
follows: '*i t, first and last, the League re- 
cognizes that wars are due largely to misunder- 
standings and misrepresentations. The cure for 
misunderstanding is candid interchange of .views. 
The antidote for misrepresentation is common 
accessibility to the facts. The prestnt League 
crtatr- s an* organization for the interchange of 
'acts and of opinions. To prevent the growth, 
of distrust is the vital need of the world to-day 
and to do that end, the League is clearly de- 
Blgned". ThiB is the stock pacifist conception 
of the cause of wars It is because of this con- 
ception that pacifists' are continually aoarcblng 
Ifr hemebt diplomats who will candidly declare 
Iheir ideas and policies. 

°nly the naive, puerile brain of a pacifist, or 
the willfully perverted mind of a banker like 
Lament can for a moment entertain the thought 
that a war which was responsible for the death 
*Bd starvation or millions, the crippling of 
millions more, the most dreadful devastation 
«*ver wrought In the world's history, could in any 
maimer be due to mere misunderstanding. How- 
* v fr. it is convenient for Thomas Lament to 
^PW-ar a» naive and simple sb a child— prof ea- 
* ln S a total Innocence snd iguoranco of material 
facta— even though such knowledge is absolutely 
ltidl* 1(f . nKUt ) e |„ j ie tanking trade of which he 
•« one of the lending figures. 

., The K reat American financiers, the firm of 
Moriun & Co., of whhh Mr. Lament in a partner 
*'*** nevw , 1Itt de a e«<Tot of their sponsorship 
of the I^rus of Nations. In fact, they have 

* *-»lly shore in Hie rrun.ln.1 of the Versailles 
'"are Treaty and tho l-cnguo Covenant More- 
S». i° to hack a year and a half In our 
"««"/, It was Morgan & Co. *l.o had a copy 

* ""> Peace Treaty *veo before tb. Treaty 



was refused lc> the Sonato by WH»on, ">*,•" 
the srdiu lime fhnt 1lie Government asked tnai 
the terms be not made public. , 

The struggle over the League of Nations n 
essentially a struggle beween two sets of cap- 
italists, between two categories of cap iw 
to wit. LAKG&FIXAXC-K CAPITAL and IN- 
DUSTRIAL CAPITAL. Lar«e finance-capital Oas 
rponsored the league from the very beginning. 
It wants tho League and I* ulralning for Its 
creation. Industrial capital, on the whole, detests 
the League. It wants it destroyed or at least, 
its coercive power rendered nil. 

The antagonism of large finanVecapital and 
industrial cupllal lies in the nat.ire of both 
classes of capital and their special fnuctions in 
the World War. The treat banks havu by their 
financial deaMuRB been bound band and foot 
to Europe Their solvency depends upon the 
solvency of European bourgeois governments. 
Bankers have never been known to lend money 
out of generoaity. The enormous/ sums loaned 
to France. England, Italy. Cheeko-Slovakla, 
Rumania, etc., must be returned and with in- 
terest. Default in payment means loss, insolvency 
and bankruptcy. The difference in attitude taken 
towards Europe by financiers and industrial 
capitalists is most curiously shown by *Ute- 
menis of returned travelers. Bankers on their 
home-coming are. as a rule, pesslmestic. The 
whole burden of Europe's troubles «tcm« pivoted 
on their shoulders. They talk of Bolshevism, de- 
preciation, starvation, imminent bankruptcy In- 
dustrialism, on the other band, generally main- 
tain their optimism. They speak of reiving 
trade. Increased business. renewed industrial 
activity— though of course with "labor troubles". 
The great financial capitalists have a 
general Interest in the condition of capitalist 
society Br: a whole. The conditions in any one 
particular Industry or group of industries are 
of much less importance to them than the gen- 
eral conditionB prevailing in industrial society 
as a whole. The politics of a nation, its dnmeatlc 
and foreign policy are of vital concern to them, 
l^arge iinance-capltal may be compared to the 
heart of a huge organism. It Is the heart of 
capitalism. Industry, trade, commerce are the 
veins and arteries, the channels that carry cap- 
italism's life blood to Its heart. Political and 
social conditions are the organic conditions 
which aid or retard metabolism going on in 
the economic organism. 

It Is because that American nijdOcc-capitaJ 
has to a great extent been functioning as the 
heart of European capitalist s<* lety that it Is 
so profoundly and intensely interested In Eu- 
ropean afTairs. The rebuilding the reconstruction, 
thf* solvency of Europe is its prime concern. It 
has no territorial inU rests in the Eastern hemi- 
sphere — of that we shall epeak later. No weeder 
Ihen that it wanLs peace in Europe. The long- 
ing for peace on the part of our bankers Is real 
and s ubsumtia! and not cloudy The N. T. 
Times', the mouthpiece of Wall Street bankers 
urged the Poles to make peace wiLh Soviet 
Ru.ssla, certainly not on account of its of 
Bolshevism. And whereas other newspapers 
boastingly proclaimed the Riga Peace as Polish 
victory, the Times soberly commented that It 
was not Polish victory, but that It was as 
Joffe said, "a peace without victory;" but 
with a necessary peace for the Poles as well If 
not more so than for the Russians Peace la 
becoming more and more recognized as a con- 
ditio sine quo non for any rehabilitation In 
Europe. The American financial capitalist? de- 
sire the bntinci-8 of supervising the peace of 
Europe. The mutual Jealosies, economic, national, 
racial and religious antipathies excited among 
the small nations must be quieted. This can be 
accomplished by, at least this task can be ap- 
proached by, a seemingly neutral organization 
like the League, through the Intermeddling of 
and extra-Kuropean power like the United States. 
Our League interventionists do not express this 
thought crudely and In naked langun^e. They 
clothe it with beautiful, idealistic phrases. La- 
mont in the above-mentioned letter to Gay. 
lhua 'unburdens himself, "Shall America equip- 
ped in intellectual power and material re- 
sources to lead a world, now turn her back anu 
with clouded vision, reject that moral leader- 
ship WHICH TIH-: LESSER NATIONS OF THE 
EARTH ENTREAT HER TO ASSUME?** The 
Kipling brand of Imperialism dilated plaintively 
on tho "White Man's Burden". Our nower La- 
Diontiuu imperialism tearfully echoes the burden 
of tho larger nations. 

The Industrial capitalists, and the small 
bankers on the ether band, do cot see things 
In the same light sb their larger financial 
brothers Their interests In Europe are remote, 
not intense; particular, not general. Their eyes 
are on their own country. Domestic Issues, 
as they call It, occupy their attention almost 
exclusively. Their most Importnnt foreign Ihsuo 
Is the tnrifT. Indeed. It 1b significant that while 
Harding has more than once mentioned the 
tariff in his eainpaljcn spe .*hes, Cox has been 
uniformly Hilent on tho si iect. As a ro*ult of 
0,1s localipm of industrial .pital, the Industrial. 
IslH Hre hardly lndrea' In the peace and 

si ability of Europe. T- them Intorrerence In 
European nn\ilrb means eater taxation (always 
n nightmare), divorsloi of American business 
Intercuts, embroilment in questions in which 
thej are not concerned, or concerned but re- 
motely. 

There is another factor which goes to 
make American imperialism hostile to a League 
of Nations. Our Imperialism has gravitated 



h . 5 Bone •■> t6e nsm^ Of » • .udouikM 

Though it •" /;?£_, n ' m3 , long before the 

S3?rh:? ass. ■&« 
vr£$ ex fissstmss 

the torcb oi » American impertal- 

presson of tlm fact tU ^ |U 

lHl " U J °°,w bv aeoirapbHal position, tho 
8t : ld; (2 > >,, nlsnhere il 'the choice field for 

ifri,» And Aaia by aMcrting all oi toe 

Soltek rt fi n K*«£ » ** ^"isVSl 

monopoly of American ^capital. The right of the 
U,3 States to arbitrate the European-A.tatte 
aCair. involves tho recognition of the right of 
a League of Nations purporting to represent the 
whole world to interfere in matter. perU ining 
to the Americans. In passing it is well £ nota 
that participation In a League of Nations la 
In itself an abandonment of the original Monroe 
Doctrine which has as its first condition, non- 
participation of the United State, in European 
ware American Imperialism at present would 
rather assert Its exclusive dominion over the 
whole Western half of the world, than sur- 
render one tittle of its monopoly for the doubt- 
ful privilege of entering into the European-im- 
perialist arena. 

No doubt, American capital can enter the 
League with reservations aa to the Monroe 
Doctrine. To those who worship le^al formulas 
and words, this affords consolation^ History, bow- 
ever, has brutally proven more than once the 
worthk-ssnesa of words, the sterility of phrase* 
American lawyers versed In the constitutional 
history of their country appreciate only too 
well the cheap value of reservations and inter- 
pretations. American Imperialism guards ita 
manure too highly to be deceived by prospective 
reservations or 1* galistic interpretation. 

Our analyE.s has shown that the League 
controversy has for Its base, despite the cam- 
ouflage of ideologic phrases, a social economy; 
tins economy, the conuieting interests of two 
groups of the exploiting class. Both sides care- 
fully, though to a large extent, unconsciously 
conceal their economic Interests, behind systems 
of political philosophy and ideology. Some oX 
the participants in the controversy interpret It 
as a coni'.ict beween the ideas of nationallam 
and Internationalism; others, between selfish- 
ness and idealism; fit-ill others as a conflict 
between AmericaniBm and Pro-BritlsMsm, To the 
Marxist, this Is an interesting example of bow 
political s) stems and preva^'ing prejudice* are 
eV.ped and moulded in support of economic 
ciabs Interests. We (should never cease Insist- 
ing on this truth. More than that, we should 
ever be busy, studying and Interpreting history, 
current as well as past. In the light of the 
great Marxian truths. 



Statement of G. E, B. of 

i. w. w. 

(FROM DECEMBER IS, SOLIDARITY) 
G. E B. BULLETIN. 

On account of the articles appearing In 
the O. B. U. Monthly, attacking revolutionary 
organizations of this and other countries in a 
manner which is contrary to the policy laid 
down by the General Executive Board at its 
previous sessions, and so many complaints com- 
ing into the General Office, the Ge~eral Exe- 
cutive Board haa found it necessary to remove 
the Editor, John Sundgren, in order to maintain 
harmony and discipline in the organization. 

(Signed) GENERAL EXECUTIVE BOARD. 
VOTE ON THE REFERENDUM. 

The vote en the Third International having 
been counted and tabulated. It was found that 
all propositions were defeated, and as many 
resolutions and protests were received from 
industrial Unions and Branches, as well as 
from Individual members, and as a majority of 
the G_ E. B. had sanctioned the withdrawal at 
the referendum on the above proi>0£ltion, — the 
tJ. E. B, has declared tho ballot void — except- 
ing the Constitutional amendment of electing' 
G. E. B. members direct by *he Industrial 
Unions that they represent, which was carried. 
(Signed) Chairman, G. E, B, 

REPORT OF BALLOT COMMITTEEL 

We, undersigned ballot commute on refer- 
endum of Third International and Constitu- 
tional Amendment, have made a tabulation o! 
total vote east, and find the following to be 
the result: 

Ut Proposition— YES: 602; NO: 1668 

2nd Proposition— YES: #13; NO: 11U 

3rd Proporlllon— YKS; nil; NO 994 

The Ballot Committee finds 127 protest bal- 
lot h voting NO on all proposition! of the Third 
International, that, therefore, deficit the entire 
referendum on the Third International. 

We uUo find 319 defective ballots that had 
to bo thrown out. 

Vote ou Constitutional Amendment* 

VMS: 23t4; NO; m. 

(tiigned) 







four 



THE OOMMUNIBT 



Thesis On The Agrarian Question. 

. „„ , ih# «. EC0ND WORLD CONGRESS .( Ih. COMMUN.ST UMTtRNAT.ONAL 



1 No One DUl wit: nv> ■" -- ' i„K„r. 

led by the Communist Party. Mm «««J»JJ5 
salvation for th<> peasant* e*<. i_ (v vn ^ 



And yet, provided there .* n consistent j rol »t* 
u n policy end Ihe victorious PJjrtcijrlai 

SSSJ KimiHmis with oi« «.».H.i....f i l « , h '; j r «" 

aisles mid lbt« IbiiOed peasants- the ht ' sllR ; 
uZ of iho class in auction Hill not be ■ «*J 



^^^ 8 ^r;^y°,u^ U B=a - — ~o. 



on in' "' . th ,, lr universal Me- 

„,,, be unable fc to urn ■ o« {^ from tTl , 

bondage of «1J|J '^ratc K".ld«. their narrow 



, AH thei.«* three groups token together 
constitute tho majority of the aururtan popu..*. 
SS in .11 capitalist countries. Thin ^""U-" 
In full the success of the proletarian resolution 
not only lu thu towns but in the countiy as 
aell The opposite view is very wlatfly spread 



• d r: ,!ln , ^dT^ ^"' ^ ,f -' Ut " Kt tt |W».U oul.v became of a fen, 
i r f; ;ni^f improvement of tfaelr deception on the part of bourg.oi* science and 

flcl.ni!> i" » d ' * 'VL^.-o,* conditions of life. ..-.i-tlci They hush up by overy 



i ri , ol \ ,u - Vd-*ire for the Improvement of tneir deception on the part ot nourg.o.* *™"" I 

flCl ' n , ELS "tolJ-a So bourgeois condition, of life. Btati Ktlc« They hush up by uvory means any 

r ,n,eiin^ tole^ 'o^ advance countries mention of the drop chasm winch divides tne 

Tfcat la what *J£™ » aSSicy?" which forma ^ral ?htt« we have indicated, from the ex- 

.ins a te^^^K^SSSl «f th« Secor I pU Xr8 the landowners and cnpltnlista on the 



■„P*haa'. of the «ouM.be partb - of the Second 
Hie MAM oi uic enemies 

K5S£ »SS tV it. bourgeois JingO£ 
£ «f The bourgeoisie in the labor move- 

',„. . ' tru jy Socialist In its actions. onl> onsiotrmj. «««,„« -. .-,-- - 

£ *?Hnr M S« , vanguard of all tbo^e who vilegcIJi lo do K( -nulne propaganda ««k IM 
' rJnJ a" being exploited, as their leader lntf ^ ta the leonntry. All the attention > «« 
r^a/.tJuKTe for Se overthrow of the opprc^ Uie opportunlate was given and !• being given 
« .Bd^M. cannot be achieved without carry- now lo the arrangement of theoretlca and 
^•M?tS« atruSe into the agricultural dla- pract , C al ngreenients with the bourgeoi.le. In- 
SL? e «tSSt maWnP Se laboring masses of ^ mng tbe landed and the middle peasantry 
rf co,* tv an gather around the Comnwnlit (sce Paragraph concerning these cJasaoa and 
fariTofti town proletariat, without the pea*- not lo tae revolutionary overthrow of the 
UiV being educated by the town proletariat 

- The ? laboring and explottod ma^e* in the 
country, vbirb the town proletariat must lead 
on to the fight, or at least win over to its 
side ai represented in all capitalist countries 
by the following groups: ^—w 

in the fir B t place, the agricultural projf- 
ariat the hired laborers (by the year by the 
aay. by the Job>, making their living by wage 
ra^or in capiullal, agrtcullun.1. or indtwtrlal 
estahllahmenta; the independent organization of 
LbJa daaa separated from the other- group* or 
the country population (in a political, military, 
trad*- co-operative, educational sense), and an 
energetic propaganda among it. in order to win 
u over to the sWe of the Soviet power and of 
the dictatorship of the proletariat, must be the 
fundamental tank of the Communist parties in 
all countries lIlu po.ilh.ji yvr,^, t an.vi ... ..~" -~ ",C 

In the "seirond place, the semi -proletariat wll h the owner B of the large estates and the 
or Email r^aPants those who make their living capitalists, alter the oppressed masses are able 
"Lrtlv by working for waged In agricultural and to see In practice that they have an organized 
Industrial capitalist establishments, partly by leader and helper sufficiently powerful and lirm 
toilJii- *on their own or a rented parcel of land t0 Eupporl and to guide, to show the right way. 
rleldlnr but a part of the necessary food prce The "middle peasantry," in the economic 



one hand, from the lauded peasants on tbe 
other It holds further because of the incapacity 
and "the failure of Uie "heroes'- affiliated to 
the yellow Second International and the lanor 
aristocracy." demoralized by imperialistic pri- 



not to tne reiuiuuuumj «•-. ....«-. -- 
bourgeois povernmenl and I he bourgeois clasB 
bv the proletariat. In the. third place, this view 
persists becauee of the force of inveterate pre- 
judice possessing already a great stability 
(and connected with all bourgeoiB-democratlc 
and parliamentary .prejudices), the incapacity 
to grasp a simple truth fully prov-d by the 
Marxian theory and confirmed by the practice 
of the proletarian revolution in Russia. This 
tri'th cousists in the fact that the peanant 
population of the three classes we have men- 
tioned above, being extremely oppressed, scat- 
tered, and doomed to live in half-civilized con- 
ditions in all t-ountrieB, even In the moat 
advanced, is economically, socially, and morally 
interested in the victory of Socialism; but tbat 
It will finally support the revolutionary" P r o-- 
letnriat only arter the proletariat has taken 
the political power, after It has done away 

,., ... „» »•.,„ ln^.rA ii.t'.tnc anrl thfi 



duce for their families; this cla*s of tbe rural 
population is rather numerous in all capitalist 
- Entries but ita existence and its peculiar 
position 'are bushed up by the representatives 
of the bojrgr-oh > and tbe yellow 'S-ocIaUsU" 
affiliated to the Second International. Some of 
t^ese people intentionally cheat the workers, 
but otbe-rg follow blindly the average views of 
the public and mil up this special class witn 
tbe whole mass of the -peasantry". Such a 
method of bourgeois deception of the workers 
i« used more particularly in Germany and 
France, and then In America and other countries. 
Provided that the work of the Commun'st 
Tarty is well orpa.nized, this group is sure to 
tide witb the Communists, the conditions of 
life of these half-proletarians being very hard. 
the advantage the Soviet power and the dic- 
tatorship of the proletariat would bring them 
being f-norinous and Immediate. In some count- 
rx-*, t».'re is no tlear-cut distinction between 



tbr- & * 



sense, consistB of email landowners who poo 
Besses, according to the right ownership or 
rent, portions of land, which, although small, 
nevertheless may: 1) usually yield under capi- 
talist rule not only scanty provision for the 
family and the needs of the farming, but a3so 
the possibility of accumulating a certain sur- 
plus, which, at least in the best years, could 
be transformed into capital; and 2) nfconsitate 
tbe employment of (for instance, in a family 
of two or three members ) wage labor. As a 
concrete example of the middle peasantry In 
an advanced capitalist country, we may lake 
the nituation in Germany, where, according to 
the registration of 1917. there was a group 
tilling farms from five to ten acres, and in 
these farms the number of hired agricultural 
liiborerB made up about a third of the whole 
number of farms in this group.* In France, 
the country of a greater development of special 
cultures, for instance, Uie vineyards, requiring 

„_!..! .,,.,. I ..,..,, . anA ( ■, r(. I 1 ! I. /• fir T ( ■ R I If 1 fl I It 1) 0" 



t The landed peasants or farmer. (Gross- 

«. The ,nn "'" r, u Vn apiculture, manag- 

bnucTn) , M lnAu usually with several hlrsd 

I"* lhl,,r JT' v are ^connected with th« "pea*. 

^."J ?7,y their rather low standard of 

tt,,lry ° LL of living, the personal msn- 
cHttuiu. their wa> o^b ^ ^^ ^^ 

,,rl *'?'«,«. of lie bourgeois clsw. and the 
„„ 8 cleuuut OI nf l 7. e Ti . volutlon ary proletariat. 
^■Uled enemy of he ^ rt.jo ^^^^ Varty 

The » C,,i «,r.l dsirt-ts r rnurt be given to tns 
,n tb 1 »l,Snn il s element, to the liberation 
struggle •tj»n« lt), J cxplolt ed majority of tfas 

lnHu o r ^Z^TZ proletariat In th. 
A Z i c1k« wTll nevltably oppose It by 

t mu/t arm the rural proletariat and organise 
SovTet. in the country, with no room lor ex- 
nloltcrs and a preponderant plsVo must bo 
rcMrvcd to the proletarians and tbe semi-pro- 

!eU Hu7the expropriation even of the landed 
nf.n-umts can by no means be an immediate 
ol Jen of the victorious proletariat, considering 
tne lack of material, particularly of technical 
material and further of the social conditions 
necessary for the socialization of such lands In 
some probably exceptional cases parts of their 
estates will be confiscated if they are leased 
in small parcels, or if they are specially needed 
by th« small-peasant population. A free use 
tuust he also secured to this population, on 
definite terms, of a part of the agrlcultuml 
machinery of the landed peasants, etc. As a 
general rule, however, the state power must 
leave the peasants in possession of their land, 
confiscating it only In case of J« B ^ n « to *? 
government of the laboring and exploited peas- 
ants The experience of the Russian proletarian 
revolution, whose struggle against the anded 
peasants became very complicated and prolonged 
owing to a number of particular circumstance*. 
nevertheless shows that this class has been at 
last taught what it coatB to make the slightest 
attempt at resistance, and ia now quite willing 
to serve lovnlly the alms of the proletarian state. 
It begins even to be penetrated, although very 
slowly by a respect for the government which 
protects every worker and deals relentlessly 
with the idle rich. 

The specific conditions which complicated 
and prolonged the struggle of the Russian pro- 
letariat against thelanded peasantry *"er tne 
overthrow of the bourgeoisie, consist mainly in 
the fact that after the coup d'etat of October 
25 and November", 1917. the Russian revolution 
traversed a Htage of "general democratic," act- 
ually bourgeois democratic, struggle of the peas- 
antry as a whole against the landowners", and 
there were further the low standard of living 
and scarcity of the urban proletariat, and, 
finally, the enormous distances and exceedingly 
bad transport conditions. Insofar as these ad- 
verse conditions do not exist In tho advanced 
counties, the revolutionary proletariat In Europo 
and America must prepare with much more 
energy and v ; arry out a much more rapid and 
complete victory over the resistance of the 
lauded peasantry, depriving It of all possibility 
of resistance This is of the utmost Importance, 
'considering that until a complete, absolute vic- 
tory is won, the proletarian state power cannot 
be regarded as secure and capable of resisting 
Its enemies. 



cultures, ior lnsumee, wtu vine; m us, *.. .jun ."* 
t- two groups; It is. therefore, permissible special treatment and care, the corresponding 
mder certain ironditioLs to form them into group employe wage labor probably <» 
e organizations what larger proportion. 



i.e^irate organizations 

Il tbe third place, the little proprietors, 
the *mall farmers who possess by rigbt of 
osmenrttfp <-r on rent nrr.all portions of land 
sal sfjr the. ntf-d* of their family and of 
farming without requiring any additional 
* are labor; this part of the population as a 
<U*» gam* everything by the victory of Ihe 
proletariat, which brings with it: a | liberation 
| paysoetft of r< nt or of a part of the 
' ' . » (for InManre, tbe matiyers In France, 
i <- >;, m •rraogexneots in itsly, etc \ to the 
m of large e**talee; b) sbolltiOS of all 
- rt r ' > ', abortion of many fcrnnB of pre,. 
; dependence on th* o»ner» of large 
»->Ut*» (formats and their u»*\ etr.j; d) 1m- 
at* ;>• );< U'iiti the prolelrlan Htste for 
furm *ork (pen .itting use by peasant* of the 
U »nd In part of the build- 
-i i-.« Lr rji[>it*liat er.tates expropriated 
l-> 0M ;.roie'ar:at, the Immediate tran^fonna- 
iion t»> \\,*> prf>l#-tarian »tal« power of all 
* o-<.vrattve« or.d agrlctiUiiral companies. 



rural 

W»4*9 (bo capitalist rule wer#- chiefly 

l . . " . * < althy and Ibe mlddl* poos- 

*t.'.ry. into lostftfflioM prituartly for the sup- 
port of the j/ *,t r-fc^antry, Uiat Is to say, the 

pr< i't»r,M-,«, »*i^t-prolelarlari«, nwiall farmers, 
ktc.). 

At '..- name ttm« tLf rommunlil Party 
r >ug\i\y a*urr that during the 
proldtarlnt 



. in a some- 
what larger proportion. 

Tb* revolutionary proletariat can not make 
It Us aim, ut least for the nearest future and 
for the beginning of the period of the prolet- 
arian dlrtatorshlp. to win this tlans over to 
itb hide The proletariat will have to content it- 
self wllh neutralizing this class, i.e., with 
making it take a neutral position in Ihe struggle 
between Iho proletariat and thu bourgeoisie, 
Tim vacillation Of this clas« is unavoidable, and 
in the beginning of the new epoch Us ptedo- 
mrhatlng tendency In tho advanced capitalist 
countries will bo In favor of the bourgeoisie, 
for the Ideas and sentiments of private property 
are characteristic of the posse users. The vlctcri- 
oui proletariat wjll Immediately improvo the 
lot o' U.U clufis by abolialilng the system of 
rent atid mortgage, by the Introduction of 
niarhlniry and electrical appliance* Into agri- 
culture. The proletarian state power cannot at 
once aboiiiih private property In most of the 
c.'tpitflli,.! countries, but must do away with all 
duties and levies Imposed upon this rln*n of 
pe(»[,l(j l,y th* landlords; It will ulno secure to 
the ximih ut<fl nildc i peahantry Uifl ownership 
of thi Ir lan<l boliiiu^ and enlarge tlieru, putting 
l be peasants in po anion of thn land they 
used to rent (abollt, of rents). 

The combination - suth measure* with a 
relentless ntniKPld , »io,:t the bourgeoisie 
guarantee, u,,> rull SU' "SB of the in iilrjdl/a. 



6. The revolutionary' proletariat must pro- 
ceed to an Immediate and unconditional con- 
fiscation of the estates of the landowners »nd 
big landlords, that is, of all those who system- 
atically employ wage labor, directly or through 
their tenants, who exploit all the Btnall (and 
not Infrequently also the middle) peasantry in 
their neighborhood, and who do not do any 
Hctual manual work, To this clement belong the 
majority of the descendants of the feudal lords 
(the nobility of Russia,. Germany, and Hungary, 
the restored pelgneure or France, the Lords In 
Kngland, the former slave owners In America), 
or -financial magnates who have become par- 
ticularly rich, or a mixture of those two classes 
of exploiters and idlers. 

No propaganda can be admitted In the 
Communist parties In favor of an Indomnlty to 
be paid to the owners of large estates ?or their 
expropriation, in the present conditions pre- 
vailing in Kurope and America this would mean 
treason to Socialism nnd the imposition of a 
new tax on the laboring and exploited masses, 
who have already suffered from the war, which 
hns Increased tho number of millionaires »od 
has multiplied their wealth. 

In the advaik-ed capitalist countries the 
Comiiiujilrt lulernrittonal considers that It 
ahould p« a prevailing practlco to preserve ths 



nnouia pe a prevailing practlco to preserve tns 
larg.. agricultural establishments snd msnsgS 
them on the lines f the ' rtovlet farms'" In 
Hun«iu,» in regard to thu management of ths 



— '"*"' ' i.-''fiu|uiT iwurK \m*a uuriug uie goaruuiees wji« iuij uu< "dB or uie m mrn'i/a- 

\A \\>> prolbtarlnt, nt leaat »»om« tion policy, 'J he trflnal u to coljecllvn Jigrl* 

'-ll"i. • ar# Inerltat'hi in ibis rlaits, cultutw tuu*t be iniuMigeq Willi inueh i-lr< urn- 

iu fa . ,r -jf ssr«eftytrt»qj freh trsrt« end trftt Bp< eiiou and »le|» by alop, and the prolet* 

mm* of lh«i rhtita of prU.li- property, Tor 1'iia itiltin hIuI»» po» » r must pKneed by the fofa 

(Um», h. iJ.*: • srlh-r trf cejf.Djo-Kt le. (alUejugh of example Without any viohime toward ths 



on a suiaJJ ac*3«) ( ;■ n*«^sr»rl!y d#iooral1x«d 




-- — mii m *r m )tt* pi'| ) n> It'll I'l 1(111 PIJ-" I4IM"« I 1 '"!** 

farm," riiuimgud by the proletiirlsn state at Us 



expense, Jst.fi U a u»fo rmlng i!ts fortnur wag* 
laborers lntt» workers employed by the atat-, 






C0MMVN10 






»7i<S Into members of Oie SotIcu managing lbe*« 

Tte f,rf.*" 1it: ^ of lnrKe UndhoWIngt serves 
b~st U>e isti-rests Of th« revolution ary elements 
;, vp'OlrtlOB, ••»**/, tie SCMICM ■**»■ 

culture worker* sad »,.ini-prolet.rl*D small 
Idem, wco get lb*lr livelihood malrly by 
vorkinc od ibe Urge c-stat<:«, besides, tbe 
national ixaUoa of Urge 'anJboldinga makes ibr 
orbM population. si leatl i» ?»«. less depen- 
dent on the peasastry for their food. 

Je tawsse places, huwewr, -auto rilics of 
the feudal evsteu. sUH prevail. where "serfdom" 
mad ibe sj.iem of g.*ln* half of the products 
to ibe peaeai^u prevails and where a part of 
tie toll belongs to the large e,l*es the land- 
lord privileges give ri*^ to spttLul forms of 
exploitation. , ., , , „ 

In countries ^bere larce landholdinga are 
buianJOcast In number, while a great number 
of aaaaU tenants are it* search of isnd. tfce 
i rtjlbotloo of the lar^e holdings can prove a 
sure m«-ans of winning tbe peasantry for the 
revolution, wbiie the preservation of toe large 
estates can be of no value for the provisioning 
cf the UWM. The first and most Important 
task ci law proletarian Etale Si to secure a 
Us'.ng victory. The proletariat must put up 
with a Vtmpormrj dccilne of production so long 
o K make* for the sjocess of the revolution- 
Only by persuading the middle peasantry to 
maintain a neutral attitude, and by gaming the 
support of a large part, if not the vvhole. of the 
small peasantry, can the lasting walna-amca 
of the proletarian power be secured. 

At any rate, where tne land of the large 
owner* la being distributed, the Interests of 
tfce agricultural proletariat must be of primary 
consideration. 

The Implement* of large estates must be 
converted Into stale property absolutely intact, 
but on the unfailing conditions of Its disi-osal 
to the small peasants gratis, subject to con- 
dilions worked out by tbe proletarian state. 

If Just at first, after tho proletarian coup 
d'etat, the immediate • confiscation of the big 
estate* becomes aLsolulely necessary, and, more- 
over, also the banishment or internment of all 
landowners as leader* of the counter-revolution, 
and relentless cpres-sors of the whole rural 
population, the proletarian tlale. In proportion 
to its consolidation cot only in tbe towns but 
in tne country as well, must ay* tern atl tally 
strive to take advantage of all the force* of thla 
class, of all those who possess valuable ex- 
perience, learning, organizing talent, and must 
use them (under special control of the most 
reliable Communist workersj to organize large 
agiiculture on Socialist principles. 

7. The victory of Socialism over capitalism, 
the consolidation of Socialism, will be definitely 
established at the time that the proletarian 
state power, after having finally HJtnlued all re- 
sistance of the exploiters and secured for Itself 
complete and absolute submission, will reorgan- 
Ize the whole industry on the base of wholesale 
collective production and a new technical basis 
(founded on tbe electrification of agriculture), 
Tr.is alone will afford a possibility of surh 
radical help in tb<? technical and the social 
sense, accorded by the town to the backward 
and disperse country, that tbiB help win create 
the material base for an enormous increase in 
the productivity of agricultural and general 
farming work, and will induce the bmall farmer* 
by force of example and for their own benefit 
to change to large, collective machine agriculture 
Most particularly in the rural districts real 
possibility of succ ssful struggle for Socialism 
requires, In the first plati,-, that ell Communist 
parties inculcate in the Industrial proletariat the 
necessity of sacrifice on its part, and n-adinesa 
to sacrifice Itself for the overt a row of the 
bo ir^'-oisle, and that the consolidation of the 
proletariat be based on tbe proletariat's know- 
ing bo*- to organize and In lead the working 
and exploited mattes, and on the vanguard's 
being ready for the greatest sacrifices and hero- 
ism. In the second place, possibility of success 
requires that the laboring and most exploited 
masses in the country experience Immediate 
and great Improvement In their position cauted 
by the victory of tbe proletariat and by the 
defeat of the exploiters. Unless this Is dune, 
the Industrial proletariat CHnuot depend on the 
support of the rural di&trictK, and cannot secure 
the provisioning of them -with foodstuffs. 

a. The enormous dUIIculty of organization 
and education for V e revolutionary struggle of 
the agrarian laboring masses placed by capital- 
ism in a condition of particular oppression, dis- 
persion. and often „ mediaeval depence require 
from the <"oinmunibt parties special care tar the 
strike movement in the rural districts. Jt re- 
Qttfrm enforced i-uj.port and wl le development 
of mans striken or the agrarian proletarians and 
semi-proletarian*. The. experience of the Itusalnn 
revolution* of 1&05 and 1017, confirmed and 
enlarged now by the experience ,f C rmany and 
other advanced countries, show ft that only the 
development of mi. ^-strike struggle (under 
certain (conditions the small peasant! lire also 
to L« drawn into lher>e striken) w-jii shake the 
Inactivity of lh< country population, amuse in 
tbe.m a '.;:--. consciousness of iho nercsslty of 
cla«K orgaiiizalbm In tbe rxplojted musses In the 
country, and xlow tlu-m Uik ubvlo.u practical 
»»c of th"lr Joining the town workers Kroin 
thl« "laii(J[>oJiit i!'B promotion or I'nfona of 
Ajrric illural \Vi>rk<f«, Iho cn-opcrntion of Com- 
mutilHn hi th»j country, anil fori Mt workfis organ- 
!/utfon» formed by Uh- exr>lolU'd HicrtrulturaJ 
population V lovely counei t^<l v.jlh tho rovolulJon- 
•xy labor muvomunt, A vlgoiuun attltalloQ li 



1 HE "ONE T.IG UNION" OF SCHU5SIN 
GKK ANM) IHIXMAN. 

(Contlr.ned from p«f* 2j 
jKT|Knratcd u^n tlic rank and file. Schfcsm- 
-cr and Il ; »1inan iiniply passed through the 
sixitJoni of crcfttnig one big union, while 
in reality they have left cvcr>"^ lin K ,nUcl 
a> it was before. The "or-anizalion" they 
created is f as much a fraud and just as 
mjwicm as the Triple Alliance in England, 
Hach of the organizations rcuin .their aulo- 
iK«my and their separate form of craft or- 
Cauization, as well as retaining their indi- 
vidual treasuries and their individual power*. 
T!:c onlv thing that they have succeeded- in 
creating is another link in the chain which 
keeps the rank and file in ihe needle in- 
dustry captive in the net of the present 
trade' union bureaucracy, and will make it 
ever so much h?rdcr to oust hem. In other 
words, iSchlesinger and liillman have creat- 
ed a "One lhg Union" for Schlesinger and 
liillman, a new instrument for enslaving 
and holding down the masses in the needle 
trades. 

Some Practical Measures for 
the Unemployed. 

With amazing rapidity the wave of un- 
employment mounts higher and higher. Hun- 
dreds* of factories are laying oft their men 
for the Christmas holidays and many of 
them for t-.vo or three weeks after the holi- 
days'. At the same time many employers an- 
nounce wage reductions from fifteen to 
twenty-five percent to take effect immediate- 
ly or the shops will close down. 

Possibly between two and three millions 
are already* out of work through out the 
country. This is not the peak however. The 
peak of unemployment will be reached perhaps 
bv the middle of the winter when the total 
of unemployed will double the present figure. 

What will happen then is more or less 
problematical. That depends upon a number 
of factors which cannot be ascertained be- 
forehand. But one thing will happen. The 
unemployed and their families will suffer 
from cold, hunger and lack of shelter. 
Prices, whether they be low or high will 
have no meaning for them. They will be 
unable to purchase anything at all, when 
their little savings arc exhausted. What will 
the unemployed do then? 

The example of their English comrades 
seizing public buildings and making them 
their living -juarters will certainly be duplica- 
ted by the homeless workers hee. Shelter 
}^ the firbt instinct of all human beings and 
n"> laws or threats on the part of tiie govern- 
ment will be able to hinder this movement. 

Another measure oT immediate relief 



would be for the uncnrploycd to hectare * 
rent moratoriuni — that is refuse to pay rm 4 
Ti'c capitalist ;-»osj may bowl in 5>cad 
off, the landlords Lay shriek their lungi 
rntg ani the j>hcriffs may threaten to ewe* 
the wo'V*.rs and their families but they 
c.-ninot extract bloc J from stone. The rent 
.Tv.»r,:*ori';rr» will nevertheless pei.**st and be- 
com' 1 an '^illished V-ct 

Such revolutionary tactics will in some 
measure, solve the problem of shelter; it 
will also awaken the solidarity and class- 
sciousness of the workers themselves. It 
will give them new courage ^nd new determ- 
ination and open up new vistas of struggle 
which will inevitably lead tbero finally to the 
proletarian dictatorship and the Soviet form 
of Government. 

Uut the problem of food is still open. 
What should the unemployed do to procure 
food? Why simply seize the warehouses sod 
the stores "of food, establish public kitchens, 
and feed all the unemployed three t'm*es a 
day. This work could be organized through 
the trade unions and co-operatives and other 
WL-rkcrs' organizations. 

We have attempted to outline a few 
simple measures which will immediately solve 
the problem of food and shelter for the un- 
employed. The iVtinct of self-preservation is 
strong — just as strong in human beings as in 
other forms of animal life — and the unerrrplo- 
ed are human after all. If the capitalists or 
tiie government attempts to interfere with 
these legitimate efforts of the unemployed to 
find food and shelter, "so much the worse for 
the capitalists and the government. 

There is no desperation greater than that 
of the starving man or woman. Besides Soviet 
Russia stands before the workers of America 
as a shining example of what the lowly and 
exploited workers can do once they make up 
their minds to it- 



like-^isc to be carried on among the small 
peasants. 

The Congress of the Communist International 
denounces as traitors those Socialists — unfor. 
tunately there are such not only in th? yellow 
Second International, but also among the three 
most important European parties, which have 
Itrft thi' Second International — who are not only 
Indifferent toward the Ftrike struggle in the 
rural distrit ts, but oppose it (ae does Kaulskr) 
on the ground that it might cause a falling-off. 
of the production of foodstuffs. No programmes 
and no solemn declarations have any value if 
the fact Is not in evidence, le»tific-d to by 
actual d'^da. that the Communltts and labor 
leaders know bow to put the development of 
the proletarian revolution and Its victory above 
i rcrythlng flse and are ready to make tbe 
utmost parrilFceB for the sake of this \letory. 
Unless this Is a fact, there la no escape, no 
barrJf-r against starvation, dissolution, and new 
Imperialistic wars. 

The Communist parties muat make all efforts 
possible to start as soon as possible setting up 
of Soviets In the country, and thef--* 1 Soviets 
mufit be chiefly composed of hired laborers and 
Keml-prolftarlana. Only In connection with tbe 
mass-strike struggle of the monl oppressed class 
will the Soviets be able to serve fully their ends, 
And become sufficiently Qrni to dominate (and 
further on to Include In their rankx) the small 
peasant**. Hut if tbe strike Htrugulo is not yet 
developed, and the ability to organize tho 
agrarian proletariat Is weak because of tho 
strong oppn-SKlon by the landowners and tbe 
landed pr-asnm*, and also because of tbe want 
of support from the Industrial worker* and their 
unions, tho organization of the Soviets In tbe 
rural districts will require long preparation by 
mentis i>f cri-atlng mi, all Communist centers 
of iiitcnt-ive propaganda, expounding in a most 
popular form tbo demamU of the Communists, 
Slid 11 1 u, lr.it lug the reasoni of thetvu iji-rnands 
b> H'edally convincing ruses of exploitation, 
and pressure by systematic oxcursions of In- 
duutrlal workers Into tho country, eto. 



Fourth Statement on Unity 
Proceedings* 

January 5, 1H1. 
TO THE UEMBERSK1P OF C. F. of A. 
f>rar Comrades: — 

Tbe time' limit set by the Com. Intern, for 
the final accomplishment of unity Is passed, but 
unity is not? accomplished. 

The responsibility for this lies entirely npon 
tbe U C. P. 

They have refused and they still refuse to 
abide by the decisions of the Com. Intern, prorid- 
ing for a joint unity convention on the basis of 
proportional representation. 

They have insisted and they still falsely 
Insist that our stntement of dues paying mem- 
bership for July, Aug., Sept. and Oct, showing 
an average of 75a2. is fraudulent, and that their 
membership, shown on their statement as 4611, 
ts greater than ours % 

They have proposed a Joint unity convention 
on the basis of equal representation, saying that 
for unity's sake they were willing to make the 
"concession"; and they have tried to disregard 
the C. E. O. of the Communist Party, — to h»Te 
us call our convention together separately too, 
so the two conventions could '"negotiate", and to 
have us Bend out to our delegates individually 
a false and Insolent statement of theirs. 

Our answer to all these maneuvres and 
stratagems was always the same: "We insist 
upon compliance witb the mandates of the Com- 
munist International providing for unity through 
a joint unity convention on the basis of propor- 
tional representation determined by the dues 
paying membership for July. August, September 
and October, according to the offitial books of 
both parties." — We demand that the U # C. P. 
comply witb these mandates." 

We submitted to the U. C. P. for examina- 
tion all our books and statements; we wrote 
long letters and verbally proved to their Unity 
Committee in detail that our figures were correct, 
that their "analvsls" of them was absurd, and 
that their 'investigation on the ground" was a 
sham and a fraud. Still, In the face of all this. 
as a last resort, as the only excuse for evading 
compliance with the decisions of the Coram, 
Intern., for refusing to let the rightful majorttj 
of the Communist Movement in America fully to 
determine and * ontrol the future of the united 
party, the U. C P. rcpoat again and again the 
lie that the C. P. statement is fraudulent. 

In their Letter of the 18th or Dec, they pre- 
tend to list proofs of their assertions." 

Hluie It wus very apparent that the figures 
and alleged pi oofs of discrepancies In our mem* 
bi'rshlp utaleinent were presented merely as a 
formality uiid ait ex< use, our C. E. C. did not 
deem It necessary to tako them up la the answe* 
to the U. C. P. 

To our comrades, however, we want to tsQ 
vt ry briefly that the figures In the U. C, P. 
Utter aru juggled ugnln. miscalculated and mis- 

(Continued on page 7) 






BIX. 



c UM0N1ST 



Japan in Relation to the World Revolution 



By 8. K. 



Jap:»r. and America are the only countries 
where* the Communist movements arc Illegal 
in «] driven underground. Both countries arc 
eouallv reactionary and udJ.t the dictatorship 
of tbo capitalist cla*s; with this difference 
however: In Japan lie onpltnllsta are weaker 
than the mtlitnrisii while In America it is Just 
the reverse. It is not necessary to carry he 
comparison further. After all. both aro In the 
firm grasp Of capitalism. 

Present-da v Japan h» been undergoing changes 
buth because of Internal and external procure. 
The cMan;;r* are very remarkable because lately 
Jaoan ha* become notorious sh the I ru-fia or 
the Ear East But it is cot the pre-war sort Lf 
piu*8iaui s m. It J- rather of the decadent type, 
jn the last stages, and is fast crumbling to 
piects As is well-known Japan's Intervention 
in Siberia filled utterly, costing over three* 
quarters of a b.Illon yen, killing and wounding 
something o^r ten thousand Japanese soldiers 
and besld a gained for herself an unenviable 
reputation and hatred among the Russians and 
non-Russlan-spcaking populations. Japan's inter- 
vention in Siberia, fortunately, save the Chinese 
ami Koreans a supreme opportunity to assert 
themselves Bud to seek tbo friendship of their 
real friend and neighbor— Soviet Russia. 

For the first time in lis history the army 
loralo broke dt wu in the Japan. 



or the BuHslan Soviet Government a« a "neu- 
tral" state. This situntion compelled the Jnpan. 
(ho army to withdraw in utter disKraco und 
failure, and has left a very deep imprcsMion 
0:1 the Japanese people. Tho Japanese are los- 
iiu- their faith In militarism not A much be- 
eeuse the army failed in Siberia hut because 
tho army undertook eut-h a dishonorable ex- 
pedition. 

There is another fart that will soon mnko 
Itsidf felt on the military claBseH of Japan, 
namely, tho activities of the Siberian Revolu- 
tionary Committee. The chairman of the com- 
miUee is Mr, Smirnoff; among the others on 
the committee are, Cadorowitch, Shownu, Soko- 
roff. Vourln, lrnikayatsky, Kosareff, etc. Their 
resolution, published under the above slgna- 
ture in the Moscow "lzvestla"' on September 
1'JtJj, l!»Uu consists of nine articles, It reads as 
follows; J) This committee Is the highest organ 
that represents the centra! government in 
Siberia. 2) It governs over the peoples of the 
different races residing in Siberia ami controls 
the admtnstrotive, economic and all other gov- 
ernmental business. -I) It Is responsible for 
tho execution of all d e c re e B 
issued by the All Russian Central Committee 
National Defense and Workers' Committee and 
each department of the central government, 
5) It is the duly of this committee to report 



flo armv even among the higher officers. For to the central government on its rules and re- 

p ;, Rn , e General Oi the commander-in-chief in solutions, while all the officials of Siberia are 

Siberia was reiwrted in the press to have under the obligation to submit to the rules and 

flatly refused to withdraw the army from Siberia, regulation _of this committee 
A Japanese lieutenant at Harbin 



lorumlted 
BUlclde* in the barracks with a -tea-house- girl 
In his arms. For a lieutenant to live with a pro- 
stitute in the barracks reveals the utter lack 
of discipline In the Japanese army. We know 
of*ouly one similar instance— that .of the French 
General Macmahon during the war in 1S70, who 
is reported to have kept a woman in hie head- 
Quarters. 

Japan however, was compelled to withdraw 
Us Siberian expeditionary troops. General OI 
was compelled to do so by the Minister of the 
Treasury who informed General Oi that no 
more money was forthcoming for the Siberian 
expedition. 

The most discouraging to, the army author- 
ities but equally encouraging to the people of 
Japan, lies in the fact that a disproportionately 
large number of ofliciers were killed in Siberia. 
This news has just been revealed. This means 
either, that the officers were unsuccessful in 
making the soldiers their bodyguard or that 
they weie actually murdered by soldierB. The 
latter assumption is very likely. Petty mutinies 
have been reported from time to time against 
the officers Details however are lacking. But 
the army authorities very carelessly .have made 
public the true report of the actual cusultleB 
among officers which shows something was 
radically wrong In the relations between officers 
and soldiers. Many Japanese soldiers tame under 
the influence of the Bolshevik!. Bolshevik pro- 
paganda and literature have been discovered 
time and again ri^ht in the army barracks 
through out Japan. Incidents such as these re- 
veal the true condition of Japan se militarism. 

Moreover there Is one Important factor 
that has been exerting pressure upon Japan 
from the outside — the awakening of the Chinese. 
The Chinese have been undergoing developmeu,t 
much more rapidly than the Japanese of fifty 
years ago. Since the Japan-Chinese War of 
J S94-1 syS the Chinese have made a marked 
advance and they have overthrown the Imperial 
Government in l'ekin in 11*1 0. and deposed the 
Emperor establishing the Chinese Republic In 
its place. At present China is in a very un- 
settled condition for she has had a second 
and a third revolution. The latter Is still in pro- 
cess of struggle between the North and South 



The above resolution shows that the 
neutral zone government in Siberia is control- 
led by the Revolutionary Committee which Is 
responsible to the Russian . Soviets at Moscow. 

Another important factor !b the Russo- 
Chinese negotiations for peace. In September of 
this year a military and diplomatic committee 
headed by a Chinese General arrived in Moscow 
to negotiate Tor peace On September 27th 
foreign Minister Chicherln of the Soviet Govern- 
ment delivered a memorandum to the Chinese 
Committee to be transmitted to the foreign 
minister of the Pekln Government the contents 
of which are already known to the world. While 
the Chinese General and the committee were in 
Moscow negotiating for a democratic peace be- 
tween China and SuvJet Russia, Mr Yourin, 
one of the members of the Siberian Revolution- 
ary Com mil tee was negotiating for a commercial 
treaty at l'ekin with the head of the Chinese 
minister of foreign affairs. The progress of 
these negotiations was hampered by the Ameri- 
can Ambassodor, Mr. Crane. The matter seemed 
to be at an end in Pekln However, we read a 
Shangal despatch dated November 8th, under 
tho title "Great Bolshevik Propaganda Begun 
to Make Entire China Red", which reveals that 
the mission of Mr. Yourin was not purely com- 
mercial negotiations representing the Far East- 
ern Republic, but also for Bolshevik propaganda. 
It seems that a conference took place In Pekln at 
which was "discussed the queetlun of how to 
make China a Bolshevik country. Mr Yourin, 
was of course, the Central figure in the con- 
ference which lasted ten days. Further, the 
despatch says that Mr. Yourin would supervise 
and coordinate all tho propaganda committees 
scattered all over China; hitherto these com- 
mittees were not properly organized. Thue they 
will conduct a systematic and effective pro. 
paganda in the. future. At the conference were 
pp sent five Bolsheviks from Shangal, who have 
since returned and begun a campaign of in- 
tensive propaganda. They now publish three 
magazines "Light", 'Sun" and 'I^abor*. All three 
are issued in Chinese and Korean languages. 
They preach Communism The editorB are Sun 
Yet Ken, Sun Koi and Co Jlai-Hu. Mr. Bopof 
Is now In Shangal as tho director of the move- 
ment. Magaryof is also there helping to conduct 
the propaganda; the latter Is the same one who 



of China; although the Powers support the conducted Bolshevik propaganda at Yokohama 

Pekln Government, China of the North, yet the h, 6t >ear and was ordered . to leave the city 

Pekin Government cannot as yet uniTy the within five days 

country. The division of China into North and Another despatch given out by the Japanese 

South is purely political and no new divisions Government gives some further details Ufl to 

are taking place; the division is between cap- Bolshevik propaganda In China. This despatch 

Ital.sm and Socialism: the former is supported claims that sometime in October Moscow sent 

by the allied Powers politically by giving her out the Eighth Propaganda Train with 260 Bol- 

trTfi n r n .^ r° ^e^Sue o t Nations ,„evlk propagandists to the Far East Among 

and financially by the formation of the Chinese this party art two prominent members of the 

Conaonum: the latter is primarily supported Soviet Government, The centre of this pro. 

by the Moscow Government paganda la aimed at Shangal. Propaganda will 

The unification of Siberia under the rule H'«o bo Bent in Japan through underground chan- 

of the Far Eastern Republic was complete with nt ''8, utilizing three Bolshevik propagandists 

the r«U of Chita and the defeat of the last re- visled at Holland for Japan 

S'Trt'J^w^ 01 Gf T n f ?«i he J at - , T1 "- r6 are two 8Prret organizations in Shan- 

iwr part of C* lober. Tbo manifesto of the New gal; one consists of peasants and workers whilP 

Par East.-rn Republic was «ent to the Vladlvo- the other Is made up of those returned from 

►tok Government In the early part of November Europe and America. Both of these organization™ 




peasant group, one representative from the work- 
era end three non-partisan* Thin government 
*o constituted really means '. Communist gov- 
ernm.-nt. R ]» not yet a 1 



although the majority of the minister, are. Bol- 



-moritloned 

north-*. It reports that In one province where 
a Monun.iii.-diiu C.e,„-ral li lending the Bolshevlkl, 
h» Constitut on of Soviet HuhkIs has been trans. 
luted Into Chinese and whlely attributed. 

These dcsimtelica und newt Items are printed 

Jn the Japanese ,|nny pa purs and nrn h»vit.<r - 

Dial principles. We lrciii.-ii.lous .fleet on tbo mm * 



loishevik government 



22? / r>< ! th " P n *«'* Jnt government in n<vc 

mult *V , f ni V ,I,,, ' rt 1 \ ,y OMnmunlat principles. We ircilienaoil* Wet on Mm n,„ h He„ whit., I. », , 



Of course U»« foremost clssi to Come under 
tho inllm nee of Dolshuvlk propaganda Is the 
working class. Until vorV recently the Japanese 
workers were unorganised and no attempt bad 
been made to organise them. The Japanese 
workers hud very little expcrienc« In the Ubor 
movement since 19U1 because of the exception 
laws. Even strikes were seldom undertaken bjr 
the workers. But our Japanese workon bare 
been rapidly awakening In the last few years. 
In tho great rice rlota of 1918 the Japanese 
masses began to feel their own power. Slnca 
(hen labor strikes have been Increasod in num- 
ber and more and more workera are being In- 
volved In the strike movements. A number of 
cases of Babotnge have developed also with In. 
variable success. Three nre general phenomena 
of the Japanoso labor world to-day. At present 
we have many labor unions most of them or- 
ganlzed within the pan yenr or two. These are 
estimated to comprise over one hundred thous- 
and members. The labor unions aro at present 
organized into two separate federations, on© 
with its hoadrjuarters at Toklo and the other 
at Onaka; but it is expected that very soon all 
then labor strikes have Increased in num- 
oue national federation. This convention will be 
held at Toklo next January, Already commit- 
tees to take up the question have been appoint- 
ed by the principal unions of Toklo and vicinity. 
As to the dominating spirit of these labor 
unions w-» cannot draw any positive conclusions 
at present. We can however, give some bints 
to Bhow the spirit and tendencies. We will 
take one example, the Yu-AI-Kai la the largest 
union In Japan. It has the largest membership 
with forty branches. This union held Its annual 
conference a few months ago at which many 
progressive measures were voted upon and pas- 
sed. One that was not passed but had a strong 
minority vote was to do away with parliament- 
arism and to adopt direct and maso action ln> 
stead. This step was advocated by the Toklo 
groups which are supposed to be very radical. 
Two or more directors of the Yu-AI-Kai axe 
thorough going Bolshevik! In Ideas and un- 
officially are advocating Bolshevism as the 
ultimate solution of tne labor problem. 

Here is another Instance that will go to 
show the spirit of the Japanese workers. On 
July 17th, 1920 f tho Western workers (includ- 
ing Osaka and the territory west of Jvagoya 
and the entire western part of Japan) held a 
special meeting at which the problems of the 
uneinpIo3'ed were discussed. The meeting "was 
called by the Osaka Federated Unions. Thera 
were about l,6uo present. A manifesto and re- 
solution was passed unanimously at this meet- 
ing from which the following extract is taken 
and speaks for itself: 

"I^ook at the unemployed workers standing 
on the street as cheerless at ■ dog in tha 
hou.-e of d-^atbt Civilization and modern machin- 
ery cannot rescue them. Has Capital and the 
State no power? Why must tens of millions of 
unemployed hunger In vain on the streets? Be- 
cause of ' the crisis and bankruptcy brought 
about by the capitalist class innocent workers 
are doomed to a violent death! When they 
strike the power and might of the Government 
arrests them. There Is no protective legislation 
for them Even tie right to organize is denied 
them. They all weep and BufTer like prisoners 
in Jail. 

"The unemployed curse as they He down 
on the streets: "Unless we destroy capitalism 
we cannot conquer the anarchistic condition of 
the industrial world. We are hungry for bread, 
rescue us! Clve us the right to organize! 

"NO! Wo will rise up and demand it, nay, 
take it ourselves. Then we shall find a way to 
save ourselves from our present misfortunes. 
We must emancipate ourselves from the trap 
of capitalism; We know a way ourselves. There- 
fore, we the producers, are aiming at the d* 
Bt ruction or capitalism, the root cause of un- 
employment and the crisis which results from 
surplus production. W r e shall make a real so- 
ciety We await eagerly the dawn of the" Labor 
Movement of the World!" 

Such bold utterances would never be tolera- 
ted by the rigid police rule of the authorities 
were the authorities not aware that they wera 
unable to restrain the audience from mobbing 
them If they dared censor the meeting. Tha 
authorities even feared to suppress the public 
ation of the manifesto printed In the Nippon 
Kodo Shimbun, a radical labor paper edited by 
Comrade Srahatta. 

Jt was planned to organise a Socialist Party 
and the well-known comrades of Toklo and 
Osaka held public meetings to discusa the matter 
openly. This was done to see what the sttituda 
of the nuthorlticH waa as well to discover the 
Bcntimi-nt of the public. As soon as It was 
announced In tho press many applied for mem- 
bership n the new party; the applications cam* 
from all over the country and the majority 
of them from tho working clasa The printed 
prospectus signed by some fifty prominent 
comrades whh suppressed. Therefore It bad to 
be distributed secretly; but the work of p». 
I'uiiiiary organization went on unabated and the 
memiHTShip applications numbered nearly throa 
thouHHud and tho organization meetings war 
nell attended. Tho Chairman of the Koba meet- 
mg wrote mo aa follows: "Since I denounced 
he authorities »t tho Kobe moetlng 1 am no 
longer safe. Meetings were great auccoas. At 
Osaka about -1000 tickets wow sold; at Toklo 
shout IKoO and Kobe '20W. At Kobe I prealded. 

inr.^rl »°° U * ho co,jId »°l *aln admlaalon 

dni?T3S?^ h# . u,,(,,n * a " n, « bt ••* ^P*™* 
o ,1 n V who, ° ^ oI,ce ,orc0 WM moblllied. 

"ue thing especially i,„p rw(W) d ma waa wfca* 



COMMUNIST 



SEVEN, 



,,, poller tried foiVJi.ly to dlspre*, tbe m(yet . 

* ( !„r of u« >.•>'! uut-BhakaUuugl Baniair 
W uvfl SnnjIlMu., Then the whn], audience 

,,.,.,] iborrjr Kix>utan«HrtiH!y in ono tok-e, throw- 
£L hands s«J h»Ui Into the air. tSu, noli,, wai 

,' ;„ n .],il«»i"i ■>"' lhv poller stood n;hast far a 
Rl e not Mh>*1»k what to do. Hearing "IJantai" 
L-iiliin ,ne cro * d ouU " ,u ' ^ nl,lid m it and tu 
' [P , demonstration lasted fully an hour, it wai 
Seed a victorious moment and J f«lt that my 
,?,,.« to colnv uUt lnt0 the np, ' u ba,] come!" 

On the M*nth of December 3920 they met 
it cc )cbratc the founding of the party. The mect- 
Jl- v «i, biiprresb.'d vvhirh seems to havu 
trlven the movement underground. Of course 
L work will bo el°* but the member* will 
iomc ' n ln Pll,tC uf nl] ThUB tho nie »J Party 
.ill prow steadily as the oppression borornea 
5d«r »nd stricter than ever. It Is alrcady 
JLffted that the Tokio Government has ,„. 
Treasc-d the city police force from 7CU0 to 
^-0 Beside* the genriarmrs are enormously 
,'Vr^scd m cumber bo that they can co-op- 
} ' lt . with the police beyond their regular duty 
*f polltin- soldiers and ferreting out susplci- 
J.' civilians. Uut our comrades are not idle 
Th( .v have been organiiing secretly. As they 
re not accostunicd to underground work it 
coema thal couId not entirely conceal the 
traces or their meetings and meeting-place*. Tho 
0rs t meeting was held at a swell club in 
Xoklo and the third meeting at the university 
graduates aocicty where only graduates or 
friends of graduate* are pemiltted to enter. 
Evidently many university graduates are parti- 
cipants of the secret meetings. This shows that 
, ]r comrades now are developing many B idei 
to the movement. It is reported that among 
Ihoss *ho met at the above-named society there 
*ere seventeen Japanese ccmradea, four Koreans, 
three Chinese and one from Formosa, altogether 
eleven foreigners. Most of the Koreans are 
eilrerolsls. The police have given out a rumor 
that the fourth meeting will be held at an 



pr , «mmrt n ^K ft " «« ««»» »n>nng lhoi P to be 




i-ntln 

I 



bly uro tolerated. 

an not mention namra In order not to 

da. 
ly unauapoc- 



j,,t Jif '* lhL ' * ork °f worldwide prupagao 

ted u-ti ar ° manv comrades entirely unsuspw*- 

ilio 1 arc timv|n B on tho work of organising 

Party nettC prol,!tariat RDd iho Communist 

v An editor or the Oriental Economist wrote 

me irom Knmakura, nuar Toklo, on November 

\J?" P™"enl.day conditions In Japan: 

J no world situation is such that there 

must come a fundamental reconstruction. It is 

wie only way to make the world worthwhile to 

n m 1U ° ln - Jaimn to ° lF fll nD lmi'"»e on 
nn Fides,— political, economic, social and religi- 
ous, etc. A feeling or intense anxiety for the 
future la evident in all circles high and low in 
every sphere of society. Only tbe lack of power 
proven ts the new ideas from cutting througn 
this impasse. But this is only temporary The 
world-wldo revolutionary waves dashed and are 
daKWng upon Japan. There Is a popular suffrage 
movement but the popular sentiment of the 
masses goeB beyond that movement and is be- 
ginning to demand a more radical solution 
than universal suffrage. If the r'ull g classes 
should realize the gravity of the situation and 
grant universal suffrage the present unsatis- 
factory condition may be prolonged for a little 
time: but judging from the reactionary policies 
of the Japanese Government we think that the 
future of Japan will never be peaceful again." 

The above is a private communication but 
it was written In a country where sealed letters 
and communication between individuals are sub- 
ject to the prying eyes or the authorities. We 
can read between the lines and understand that 
Japan of the present is ripe for the social re- 
volution. 



"Again The Moscow International" 



Under tbe above title appeared two articles 
Jc the Nov. 1516 issues of the N Y. "Call'. — 
organ of the Socialist (read Menshevik) Party of 
America. The article in question were written 
by (Menshevik) HllluulL 

What Hllhjuit 1b opposed to, among other 
things is the "Imposition" by the Oornm. Inter- 
national "upon the Socialist movement of the 
vliole world the specific formula of the Russian 
Revolution— the struggle for the dictatorship of 
tbe proletariat:" 

Instead of coming out oppnly with the state- 
ment that he is opposed to the dictatorship of 
the proletariat— tnus completely abjuring Marx- 
1pm— instead of It. he is opposed to the same 
thing, which h. 1 calls "tbe specific formula of 
the Russian It evolution.'* 

"There Ijpb"— wrote Marx in 1875 in a pri- 
vate letter — "there lies between the capitalist 
and communist a society a period of revolution- 
try transformation of one into the other. This 
ptTird has a corresponding political period of 
tranhltjon, during which the State can be no- 
ihlng else than the revolutionary dictatorship 
of the proletariat" 

Observe the continuity of the same Idea, 
expressed by Lenin: "The White Guard of the 
bourgeois cannibals Is indescribable. The vic- 
tim* of th.f working class are uncountable 1U 
best— I,Sebknecht and Luxemburg — it has lost". 

The proletariat must aupresB this at all 
etwts] Th* Communist International calls the 
whole world proletariat to this fight of weapons 
tgainFt weapons! Might against might! 

"'Down with the imperialist course of cap- 
italism! 

"Success to the International Republic of 
Proletarian Councils/' 

H!ll(ju!t the "Marxist" no doubt will object 
to thr^ P Marxian statements, for he objects to 
1 UVt* *t?tmr n t expressed by the Ere. Coram. 
of th 
*' h ^h reads as follows. 

"knr.t^i Insurrection, the /vjnnucst cf power. 
I"*- *»tab]I*hment of a military dictatorship. 
"^ orj^.nlTBtlen of a Soviet government— these 
* T J- the only i u enns through which the prolet- 
Sr1 *t r^n rhang^ the preRent situation in Ku- 
r °P* and j n t h« whole world!" 

ln»t«aa of the above revolutionary Marxian 
'•/'" f r,t. HiUquJt writes: "It is Quite concelv- 
l Af - Uo the bonrcerrfi flunky Hlllnultl that thfl 
»M»1 r-volntion may as«ume different polftlr- 
;' '' r ^i in the dlffe..-nt <ountr|es, not excjiid. 
;.'*,' i vr.n that or ft simple majority rule of the 
_ riling eir.M functioning in n political demo- 
,y;'y through the medium of some roodlflefl 

>rrQ » f>f a parliamentary reglma." 
v, *»at arrant nonsense 1 What a romplrte 
i'/ jKAois servHtld* to mbntitut* the Marxian 

' J that during th* Iran^lUnr.sl period "the 
Eg WW ba nothing rite than tha revolutionary 
2L Ut "*Mj of the proletsr|at-»-to substitute it 
tlLSJ*" Kh%ft*Mmi frnsi-n nbont "rnalority 
6*0, f, ' ,n ftionlng in some form or a "politics! 

**» Aranrlraa sage may attempt to yrof 



e Oram, Intern., which he qnotes and 



hiB counter revolutionary conception by Quot- 
ing Marx when he said In 1872: 

"but we do not assert that the way to 
reach the goal it the same ever}' where 

,r We know that the Institutions, the man- 
nrre, and 'customs of the various countries must 
he considered, and we do not deny that there 
are countries like England and America, and, if 
I understood your arrangements better, I might 
even add, Holland, where the worker may obtain 
his object by peaceful means. But not in all 
countries Is this the case." 

Are conditions in America, Mr. Hlllquit, in 
this year 1520 the same as those spoken of by 
Marx in 1S72? "They are not." Right you are! 
Hut if conditions now arc not the Eame as they 
have been then, why do keep on chewing the 
cud of the 1S72 materialistic concept of history? 

You are doing It for the reason that It 
serves your bourgeols-legalistic notions of 1920! 
In doing It you have renounced Marxism, sever 
ed your relations with the workers and gone 
over to the camp of the bourgeoisie. 

This renegade, Hlllquit; this betrayer of the 
workers; this negator of revolution is brazen 
enough to say that the "Socialists in every 
countrv are the best judges of the conditions 
and requirements of the class struggle in their 
country," 

Imagine, if you can, Hlllquit who said 
during the Albany trial: "The mass action we 
have in view is the legal organized action of 
large mnddes of the community* The Socialist 
Party of the U, S... has always consistently 
rejected the idea of a general strike for politic 
e.1 purposes.* It— the Moscow Intern.— mean* 
the inundation of a modern Intern, organization 
of Socialism, but with no greater powers than 
the old International possessed"'— imagine if you 
ran this scoundrel as being one of the best 
birfgeB of conditions and requirements of the 
(lass struggle ln the U. 8.! 

Picture to yourself, If you will, Berger, 
who openly repudiated Marxism, as being an- 
other one of the best Judges of conditions and 
requirements of the class struggle in the S.J 

Think of it, If you will, a third one of the 
host judges of conditions and requirements of 
[he clBM T struggle in the V. 8. to be the hour. 
seoJa darling-Stedman, who said In open court 
with reference to some communists:.. they 
advocate Lhe use or direct or maw aktlon, as 
the primary or principal means of securing a 
hange of destroying the 'Capitalist ***** »«« 
the present form of government of tho U B... 
hoy still advocate the use of said direct or 
'?««* action., they are known as members ot 
C Vomm rVarty... which bss committed itself 
to the following progmm: Communism does not 
"le , rapture lhe bourgeois parliamentary 
Mr but to conquer and destroy It As long 
?n* bourgeois state prevails the capitalist 
£» b iTKSE th- *H1 «f th. proletariat." 

ir this U Marxism, what 1« bourgeois flunky. 
,. in t If this la ►oviatlsm. what are the actions 
% m a ronsrlous bourgeois provocateur? 

t r«<*n lo lb'", from lb* P*n of the renegade, 

jimQajtj *im tl,p • ttpTn »' t t0 force ,h0 • oc{ * 1| -t 



movement of oil countries Into the stratgbl- 
jark<>t of the HubsIko formula of the class 
struggle l» unsound In principle and unwork. 
able In practice. It tends to disrupt the move, 
tnent rather than unify It, to paralyse Its actions' 
rutlier than to stimulate*' 

"Unsound in protlce!" Blnce when did Marx. 
Inm expressing the principle that 'he "State 
t-an be nothing else than the rctolu..bnary die 
tutorship of the proletariat"', since when did It 
become unbound In principle? It la unsound In 
principle of your bourgeuls servitude! 

"Unworkable In practice!" Oh, Marx, to 
what depths your "student" has descended! 

Not ouly does revolutionary Marxism tend 
to disrupt your counter-revolutionary move- 
mint but it haa disrupted it already, What Is 
left is a group of opportuniEU, renegades, count' 
er-revolutlonists and conscious agent proYocat. 
eurs. 

Not only doeB revolutionary Marxism, as 

expressed by the Coram, Intern, tend to paral- 
yze your probourgeols actions, but It has already 
done so. 

Instead of your disrupted, paralysed move- 
ment—there Is a highly centralized, unified, or- 
ganic movement In the U. 8.,— the Comm. Party 
of America, which has unfurled the banner of 
the 3rd International, the living banner of 
Marxism! 

"Again the Moscow International T* 

Yea, Mr, Renegade, again and again — until 
the workers of America with their millstone 
mass action, will have converted you, your 
friends and bourgeois masters Into meaningless 
dust, and by means of its iron broom — the dic- 
ta torsbip of the proletariat— has swept your 
whole gang Into the same dust hole, as did 
our Russian comrades — the Bolahevikt 



FOURTH STATEMENT ON UNITY PROCEED- 
ING8. 

{Continued froro page 6) 

used, and that their "proofs" are either false 
or b'-side the point 

That our statement "purports to show that 
only 30IS paid dues in July", Is not true; our 
Ktatenient plainly shows that In fact this figuTi 
represents the number of dues received by our 
National Office in July, 4835 dues reached the 
X. O. ln August, and not 3867 as stated by the 
U. C. P. 824 old-rate due B reached N O. in 
O. tober, and not 9373. The total number of 
dues reaching N. O, In October is 9669, and 
W) percent of them were paid by the branches 
in September, that is befors the decision of the 
( orn. Intern, on unity was received in this 
country. 

The July, Aug., Sept, and Oct, average for 
the whole I.Ith. tubdlatrl'ct **C." (not only one 
branch) is 314. and. not SGS as stated by the 
U. C. P,; and for the 'subdistrict "P" it is 80« 
not 300. This ehows how much credence can 
be given to the U. C. P, statement, which they 
consider "proof" without any further evidence. 

U. C. P "gossip-mongers" have been going 
around in B. saying that our statement Lf 
coining there 250 Russian members, while our 
a\erace Is only 75. The U. C. P. letter says 
that we are claiming 41>C Ukr. members in D.. 
v hlle o:.r average is only 3S7 for the wholt 
d:Etrict; trie 128 Rubs. In M, shows on our 
Ktatement as only 105; the 149 Llth. in* M., as 
cnly 75 for the whole subdistrict etc. 

If the U. C, P. committee does not stop 
chort of falsifying the figures taken from our 
si at em en ts, \*bich we can check up plainly and 
Indisputably, >ou can imagine how truthful 
their statements of our "actual membership" 
must be. 

Further proof, Conclusive and Indlsputsble, 
t'at our statement was correct, la now furnished 
by th? actual present membership figures re- 
prrsented In the recent district conventions of 
our Party. Taking Into consideration the fact 
t'-at within the last two months or no a number 
of o-ir comrades have left for Russia, these 
figures absolutely substantiate the figures of 
r ir btatement for July, August, Beptember and 
October. 

With this fact firmly established, tbe com- 
rmmlcattons that passed between the two parties 
f'.rth and back since our last statement of 
December 10, will plainly show that the U. C. 
I\ whs under a false pretext defying tbe de. 
cislons of the Com. Intern, and that the C, P, 
was Jtislttlng upon compliance with them, not 
i.iero'y on formal grounds, but because they 
were of the utmost Imports nee for the future 
IntereMts of the Communist Movement L. 
America. 

For the present the V. C P. bas frustrated 
all steps to unity; but they' will not be able 
in defy the Com. Intern. Indefinitely. We havs 
definite Information that further instructions 
from the Com. Intern, will be received ln the 
near future, and wt> are sure thnt the V, C. P, 
will have to change Its false position, and will 
have to agree to a joint unity convention on the 
bails of proportional representation, 

P, fl. A complete statimsut la being prepared 
rnnulntnif nil the lettcia and documents on 
unity, which will ho sent out to the raembejs 
hhlp, In circular form. (Editor) 



RIGHT, 



TUB COMMUNIST 



FINANCIAL REPORT. 

CASH STATEMENT FOR NOVEMBER, 1920, 



68.78 361,63 



Cash Recrhrd: 



Dues: 

Distr. I 

1 
4 



Tew. Fed. 

Uth* 

On Not. 
Pol. 
Russ. 
Ukr. 

Initiation Fee* 

Distr. 2 

4 

5 

6 
Pol. Fed. 
Ukr. 

Day'i P»y* 

Distr. 1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

Organisation Fund: 

Distr. a 

4 

i 

Defense Fund: 
Distr. 1 
5 
Pol. Fed. 

Oiic. Defense Lists: 

Distr. a 

5 (84°5) 

Communist : 
Distr. 1 

a 
5 



Leaflets* 
Distr. 1 



Literature' 

Distr. 1 
a 
3 
4 
5 



(13.68) 



Prcs« Fund Contrib. 

"Run. Fed. 
Ukr. 



Old Accounts Pd.: 
Dutr. 2 



Adjustment; 



60.00 
47-40 



1400 
99.00 
37640 
838.60 
375.00 
154.60 
78740 
490.80 



3152.20 



9.00 

33-O0 
16.00 

11.50 
4.00 
9.00 



8aso 



320.20 
448.06 
92.00 
254.21 
3o8-75 
76574 



218896 



53-70 
52.00 

13975 

100.00 34545 



25.00 

4d75 

38.00 103.75 



131-95 I31-95 



6.25 
76.30 

*545 
8.00 
13.68 119.68 



500.00 

250.00 750.00 



Cash Paid: 

Sec. & Tech, Dept.: 
Sal. (2 men 4 wks.) 
Help in ship. 
Pout. & Sup. 
Printing 
Rents 
Miscl. 

Edit. Dcpt: 

Sal. (2 men 4 vvkj.) 

Translations 

Miscl. 



360.00 

13.UO 
IO.9O 
62.50 

9*73 
1334 



55047 



360.00 

35-00 

17.02 41202 



Distr. MUcl.t 

t 

2 
3 

5 (Incl. 13548 Dittr. 

Com. Exp.) 

6 

Communist Prtg. 
Miscl. 

Leaflet Prtg. 

Miscl. (103.74) 

Literature Prtg. 
Miscl. 



19.30 
36.57 
«5-39 
3**4 

17378 
37.60 



495-00 
98,03 



3147* 



593QJ 



1000.00 
103.74 1103.74 



1503^5" 
43-5a 1546.77 



C. E. C. Expense 
Distr. Sal. (4 wks.): 
i ( 180.00 & S. D. 15.00) 
2 (D .O. & S. D. O.) 
3 

5 (D. O. & S. D. O.) 
(Other S. D. time) 
6 



240.27 

19500 
28000 
18000 
1S0.00 
360.00 
2040 
iSo.oo 139540 



Distr. Traveling: 



Furn & <Fixt: 

N. O. Table & Oiairt 
Distr. VI Mimiogr. 

Internat'l Del. Sal. 
Defense Exp.. 
Addl Conting. Fund 

Total Paid in November 
Balance to December 



10.00 
25.00 



35* 



66,99 
3040 

35.98 
13973 



400.00 400.00 
621.25 621,25 

12.00 12.00 

758736 
S90i»« 

1348848 



Signed: C Dobin. 
Exec- Sec C P. of A. 



&z&x$$$$xxss#tt&zxz$ccc$$^^ 



20305 
84.05 377.10 



C P. Financial Statement for November 1920 

Condensed to main Items, and Including federation neuron thla statement 
Shows the total or C. P. Income, Expense, Asneta and LlabUltloa for the month or 
November, 1920. 

Remittances from Federations to Uie National office, and from N. O. to red. 
are not Included; 

LettiBh, Lithuania and Pollrti Ogurei contain estimated Income and erponea 
for their paper i-. mi.d distribution of other figures among tho ulQwront items Is s'so 
entlmated in come Instance*. 

But tho *bole statement Is a good index of the financial transactions and 
utrenglh of tho Commuuist Party aa * whole. 



I X C O M E. 



Assessin. On? Dot, Fund I'apera Other 
Fund Lit, 



Miscl. Totals. 



27.80 
118.20 
80.90 
28.95 255.85 J 



N. O. 130.40 82.50 3,28441 480.85 255,85 286,63 4,5^0,64 

LOKM 245.OO 

Jew. 150.60 119..80 397.67 104.40 EntMtga 523^3 1,541,30 

Lett. 433.95 2.00 547.88 58985 L573-68 

Uth. 1,002.00 5.5c 422.31 325.11 L754-9J 

Pol. 238.30 4.00 192.20 38.00 551.35 1*023.75 

Russ. 1,33705 1.50 9°7-03 Si7-*o 1670.25 93.50 4,527-°3 

Ukr. 56500 27.00 10.00 464.75 5327.06 41.25 6435.06 



Totals: 3.857-9° T2 <*50 5483-63 983.60 7963.89 2102.53 



EXPENSES. 



BaJ 



TraT. 

A etc. 



Office 
Kap 



Prtg Pi If. Lit, DorenseExp 
Papers. 



35.OO 35.OO 



N. O, 2,550-40 61992 50525 593-03 2650.51 621,25 
Jew. 320.00 188.95 2300 599.60 I>oans 



Lett. 

Uth. 

Pol. 

Rum. 

Ukr. 



35000 218.45 6.54 575.50 384*96 
480.00 165.46 87 '34 

260.00 39.14 400,00 25.00 

440-00 1230.18 36.64 580,38 1300.00 600.00 l-oans 

1,12500 250.00 67.15 3966.57 75.00 



862.33 2U7638 



Miscl. Totals 

47.00 7.587,36 
JOO.OO 1,331.55 

47.29 1,482.74 
l,5I5.8o 

64.18 78S.32 
525.OO 4,712,20 

5 483*7i 



Totals: 5,52540 2712.10 638,58 7585.42 4260.47 1 296.25 8S3.47 2290169 



ASSETS 



Disir. 1 (Red. Bal.) 

2 
3 

4 



Total Received in Nov. 
balance from Oct. 



49-35 

232.20 

16741 
33-85 
4M93 
15261 1040.35 

8582.79 
490569 

»34«8-48 




Accta * 

T-oarn 



Mchrr 
* Ko.uip. 



Real 

Estate 



i.lt. 
Block 



Totals. 



UAMUTES 

l.onns 

Accta A 

Pay. 



6,625.76 
161.00 
611.** 

m.n 

4KK.il 

2.V27.34 



8,000.00 

3 (Hi, 00 



1,000,00 

200,00 

15000,00 

1,000,00 6.000,00 

16000,00 



1,000,00 10.626,76 N, O, 

668,00 Jew, 

16.612,64 Ott. 

0,000,00 3.61X1,00 18.to78.ei Llth. 

16,46021 Pol, 



10006,00 4,000.00 6.1X10.O0 21,»27,34 nuss, 
6,0Ofl.OO 20000,00 34,21)3.62 Var. 



S,097,tt 

M70.00 

170,00 

2.600,00 

l,»00,00 



11,666,46 V.300.00 M.Hihiihi 13.000JK) 2l*,DOO,no 12J,4M,48 Totalis tUI7,M 



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